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Why We Are Building Washington Cathedral 

By Richard T. Feller 

The Rich Years of Chaplain Thomas 

By Merle N. Young 


A Jewish Chaplain Ministers To His Peopl 


Shepherds Under the Cross 

By Robert F. Hemphill 

The V. A. Chaplain School 

By Roy F. Reynolds 



Letter from the White House 3 

Why We Are Building Washington 

Cathedral .... RICHARD T. FELLER 4 
Ministry to Sick Children 

Staff Directors of the 

General Commission 16 

Psst! . . . Want a Pulpit? . DAVID REID 23 
The Rich Years of Chaplain William 

N. Thomas MERLE N. YOUNG 24 

A Jewish Chaplain Ministers To 

His People 28 

Shepherds Under the Cross 

The VA Chaplain School 

The Son of a Slave Who Became 

a Bishop EDGAR F. WRIGHT 44 

And the Lord Made Himself a 

Chaplain HARRY TISDALE 47 


Editor's Notes A.R.A. 1 

Preaching Clinic. JAMES T. CLELAND 13 

News Roundup 51 

Books 66 

the | 






Vol. 26, No. 6 • November- December 1 969 


Managing Editor, LAWRENCE P. 

Asst. Editor, IRENE MURRAY 

Circulation Manager, ISABEL SENAR 






Treasurer, WILLIAM E. FLOOD 


Back Cover: This lighted tree expresses our wish for Christmas peace and joy to 
each of you. Picture by H. Armstrong Roberts. 

NOTE: Chaplains on active duty and other writers whose materials appear in this magazine 
present their personal views in respect to the subject being treated. Unless otherwise 
stated, these views do not necessarily represent the official position of the General 
Commission or of any governmental or private agency to which the writer may be related. 


THE CHAPLAIN is published bimonthly by The General Commission on Chaplains and Armed Forces Personnel, an official 
civilian agency of 35 denominations with forty million members. Since 1917 The General Commission has acted in liaison 
with the federal government concerning (1) the chaplaincy of the Armed Forces and Veterans Administration and (2) the 
moral and religious welfare of service personnel. Printed in the U.S.A. 

Subscription rates to civilians and chaplains not on active duty: $4.00 a year (6 issues); 75<E a copy. 

Editorial office: 122 Maryland Ave.. N.E., Washington. D. C 20002. Second-class postage paid at Washington. DC, and at 
additional mailing offices. 

Copyright © 1969 by The General Commission on Chaplains and Armed Forces Personnel. 

All scripture quotations, unless otherwise designated, 
are from the Revised Standard Version of the Bible. 

Sdikoh'jL TloJbJL 


THE essence of Christmas intrigues the reverent and inquiring mind. 
In the 1840s the Chaplains Memorial Building, where these lines 
are being written, was the residence of a distinguished Washingtonian 
by the name of John Clement Fitzpatrick. Charles Dickens, the English 
writer, was Mr. Fitzpatrick' s guest here in 1842. 

Mr. Dickens had many things to say on a wide range of familiar 
subjects but some of his warmest and wisest words were reserved for 
Christmas: "I have always thought of Christmas time when it has come 
round, as a good time; a kind, forgiving, charitable time; the only 
time I know of, in the long calendar of the year, when men and women 
seem by one consent to open their shut-up hearts freely, and to think 
of (others) as if they really were fellow passengers to the grave, and 
not another race of creatures bound on other journeys . . ." In another 
instance Dickens said: "It is good to be a child sometimes, and never 
better than at Christmas, when its mighty Founder was a child 

Christians seem to have needed an admonition about the observance 
of the Lord's Supper: 'This do in remembrance of Me." However, it 
seems that it wasn't necessary to have a reminder to celebrate Christmas 
because human beings would respond readily and naturally to its enduring 

Many in each generation seem open to Advent's annual message. 
Reflective and perceptive individuals look at it with fresh eyes. It 
was the late Dorothy L. Sayres, the English novelist and essayist, who 
surprised us by suggesting that we think of the Incarnation as the 
demonstration that "God takes his own medicine." 

The timeless relevance of the Christmas message is seen and newly 
shared with us by Frederick Beuchner, a young and stimulating current 
writer, in his recent book, The Hungering Dark. "If holiness and the 
awful power and majesty of God were present in this least auspicious 
of all events, this birth of a peasant's child, then there is no place or 
time so lowly and earthbound but that holiness can be present there, too." 

December 1969 


AS A newsboy in a very small town in Iowa I opened a savings account 
.in a local bank. Forty years ago it was permissible to deposit as 
little as twenty-five cents at one time, so I had assembled the impressive 
figure of S4.45 before the bank went broke in the big depression. 

I can recall a poster that hung on the wall of the bank. A forlorn 
little fellow with ragged clothing and tear-filled eyes was pictured, 
saying, "I'd like to lick the guy that invented poverty." 

A few years later I came across Elbert Hubbard's rugged indi- 
vidualism: "When all the world's gone a-slumming, I'd like to speak a 
word for the fellow who gets ahead." 

Neither the sentimental poster nor the brash observation by Hubbard 
are a reliable focus on the human condition. Social structures ought 
to be constantly under critical examination and in process of refine- 
ment. Men must also be willing to engage personally in the long, hard 
struggle for individual and social improvement. The social climate 
varies but the struggle for meaning is constant. The fierce demands 
of today must and will be met, but it is biblical wisdom to remember 
that the never-ending struggle for meaningful living lies at a deeper 
personal level that the best structures of any particular age or so- 


THERE are on hand in the General Commission's library one or two 
extra copies of certain recent volumes written about the chaplaincy. 
We would be pleased to mail one or more of these out on loan to 
any interested chaplain, particularly those in remote assignments. The 
books ought to be returned in about thirty days after receipt. The 
only obligation would be to pay the return postage. 

Books currently available: 

Hutchens. James M., BEYOND COMBAT, Moody Press, Chicago: 1968 
(Vietnam experiences) 

Johnson, Raymond W., POSTMARK: MEKONG DELTA, Revell, West- 
wood, N.J.: 1968 (Vietnam letters) 

Pub. Co., N.Y.: 1968 (Vietnam rationale) 

Porter. John B., IF I MAKE MY BED IN HELL, Word Pub. Co., 
Waco, Texas: 1969 (Vietnam fiction) 

Smyth, Sir John, V.C., IN THIS SIGN CONQUER, Mowbrays, Lon- 
don: 1968 (History of British Army Chaplains) 



cJLetter from the l/l/hUe ^Arc 


President Nixon endorses National Bible Week 

It is a great honor for me to join the American Bible Society, the 
Catholic Biblical Association, the Laymen's National Bible Committee 
and all who participate in the special recognition of National Bible 

It is most fitting that this traditional observance is to be held 
during the week of Thanksgiving. For as each of us pauses to reflect 
on the meaning of the Bible in our lives, we surely have some special 
instance for which to express our thanks to God for strengthening 
our faith through Holy Writ. 

I am especially reminded of Benjamin Franklin's immortal thought 
when he remarked that if no sparrow can fall to the ground without 
His notice, no nation can rise from the ground without His help. 
Throughout our history, despairing men and women have found sus- 
taining solace in the word of God as written in the Bible. Families have 
been guided by its enlightened precepts. Statesmen and leaders have 
drawn inspiration from its teachings, and courage from the enriching 
experience it records. 

It is unique among books and treasured by men and nations. And 
the power of the universal truths it holds is appropriately refreshed 
within our hearts on this occasion. The past has truly proved that we 
have much to gain by our devotion to the Scriptures. And the future 
holds great promise if we heed past lessons well. 

So in the spirit of this timely week, let us draw upon the timeless 
wisdom of the Book of Books to guide us in our daily lives. 

— S/ Richard Nixon 
December 1969 3 


B- Xtf 

: *■■ ■ ~w%; '" 

' m 

Aerial view of Washington Cathedral dominating surrounding area. 

Why We Are Building Washington Cathedral 

By Richard T. Feller 

Dear Mrs. Hallett: 

You have written us questioning the moral integrity of spending mil- 
lions of dollars for building this cathedral when there is so much poverty 
in this country. To probe the moral ethics of building a cathedral 
amidst poverty is certainly a relevant question. To spend millions 
for any other purpose when poverty abounds in this country does pre- 
sent certain choices between doctrinal priorities. Possibly you are asking 
the same question about the expenditures of billions of dollars in an 
effort to land a man on the moon, or fight a war in Vietnam. 

It is a compelling temptation to recite this cathedral's efforts in 
the direction of social action, or recall the two thousand persons 
who stood outside the cathedral when the Reverend Martin Luther King, 
Jr. preached his last Sunday sermon from our Canterbury Pulpit 
concerning his planned poverty march. 

However, your question seems addressed only to the ethics of money 
spent for construction versus the relief of poverty and I will address 
my answer directly to your query. Rather than criticize from a distance, 
you have taken the time to write those of us involved in the issue. 


This letter was written by Richard T. Feller, Clerk 
of the Works of Washington Cathedral, in response 
to a sensitive inquiry from a friend of the cathedral. 
It expresses clearly the many reasons for building . . . 

This in itself indicates you have an open mind on the subject with a 
desire to hear our convictions. For this we are most grateful that you 
have written. 

As Dean Sayre's (layman) assistant responsible for the construc- 
tion and art work, I would quickly clarify that my remarks and reasoning 
relate only to Washington Cathedral. It would be presumptuous to gener- 
alize, or speak of other monumental structures in this country, or about 
the building of parish churches throughout the nation involving annual 
expenditures of many, many millions of dollars. Those responsible for 
each must abide by their own inclinations of theology, psychology, or 
pragmatic reality. My reasons for a positive answer are sixfold: 

First, there is more than ample precedent for the building of 
monumental structures in the midst of abounding poverty. Such prece- 
dent includes the Pyramids of ancient Egypt, Solomon's Temple of the 
Bible, the Taj Mahal of India, the Alhambra of Spain, the Mosque of 
Santa Sofia, and St. Mark's of Venice. The glorious cathedral of Notre 
Dame in Paris was surely built in the midst of dire poverty. 

As you know, the condition of poverty is a comparative or relative 
problem. Ours is considered a rich nation. I would submit that most 
of the monumental structures of the world including the great European 
cathedrals were erected in the midst of far greater poverty than 
exists in our country today. Some monumental structures were built 
in this country during the great depression after the stock market 
crash of 1929. Coincidentally, during that depression period, wealthy 
residents of Washington gave what they could to the building of this 
cathedral in order that at least some of its workmen might have em- 
ployment rather than being on the relief rolls. That western civi- 
lization and mankind today is richer for having these monumental 
structures is almost beyond question. 

A second reason for continuing construction of Washington Ca- 
thedral is that better than ninety percent of its construction funds 
are left or given as memorials. It is a human propensity to wish me- 
morials to be in some enduring form of material. If not, why are 
all gravestone markers of stone rather than cardboard or wood? A new 
science building or endowed chair can be a "living" memorial to a 
deceased person, as well as a $600 carved piece of limestone tucked 
against a Gothic column. As the majority of our construction funds 
are left as bequests and memorials, to use them for another purpose 
would be to betray those who trusted us. To use these funds for even 
the alleviation of poverty would be a sin of commission possibly 
greater than a sin of omission. 

December 1969 

- Jill ^' : -/>S%^=2 

•ill* '^'^ 

Delegates to the May 1969 annual meeting of the National Cathedral 
Association hear Dean Sayre explain building plans and hopes for 
completion of building program by 1985. Scaffolding encloses the Nave 
of the Cathedral. 


A third reason for continuing construction of this cathedral deals 
with the relative quantity of money being spent on its construction 
versus the needs of the poverty-stricken. It is possible you may have a 
slightly erroneous idea of the sum which has been spent on Washington 
Cathedral and the amount now being spent. About eighteen million 
has been spent on the building of the cathedral since its construction 
began fifty-eight years ago. Providing inflation does not run away 
with our economy, we need about sixteen million more at today's 
scale of purchasing. One aircraft bomber costs far more than this. 
The astrodome in Houston cost more than this. One new downtown 
government office building costs far more than this. Our construction 
budget beginning July 1, 1968, for the next twelve months permits an 
expenditure of less than $600,000 on the building. 

To assume that we did stop construction, and received the per- 
mission from all donors or executors of estates that the money be 
used for the dispelling of poverty would truthfully create . only a 
small ripple in even the ghetto of this city. Compare this with the 
fact that Congress appropriated $2,000,000 for the summer recreation 
of Washington's ghetto children. (This sum was considered to be a 
paltry amount by many leaders.) Surely we should not walk up and 
down the streets handing out twenty and hundred dollar bills to 
impoverished persons. Nothing could be more demeaning to the self- 
respect of the poor person than the handout of relief money. As a 
matter of simple comparison, the good work that we might do with this 
sum of money in the ghetto might be extremely short-lived compared 'to 
the impact that hopefully this house of prayer will have on thousands 
of people in the centuries yet to follow. 

Recently we reduced our construction budget expenditures for lack 
of funds. The dozen and a-half laborers that we laid off were added 
to the unemployment rolls of the city. Two skilled stonecarvers were 
also furloughed. Not only are they unemployed, but with each passing 
month, these men are nearer to retirement and their skills are wasted 
and lost for all time, not being replaced by young stonecarvers. One 
of our most compelling reasons, and our fourth, for completing this 
structure in the next one and a-half decades is to do so before 
these skilled artisans are all retired or dead. 

Reversing the thinking, it is quite clear that if we had double 
the funds available for construction, we could remove some men from the 
unemployment rolls and it is most likely that we could help in a small 
way with the employment and training of some so-called hardcore un- 
employables. As I read the newspapers, it is the cry of the militant 
apostles of poor people that they be given the opportunity to work and 
not be handed relief checks. Here is a waiting project that could im- 
mediately be pushed forward to help relieve, to some degree, the 
unemployment and poverty of this city. 

December 1969 

My fifth reason for contending the continuance of the construction 
of Washington Cathedral is beyond the "here and now" realm of think- 
ing. Without understanding this rationale, the impulse of building this 
structure does become a self-delusion. We believe that Washington 
Cathedral is being built in response to the first commandment. "Thou 
shalt ove the Lord thy God with all thy heart and all thy soul." 
Mind you, Mrs. Hallett, this is the first commandment, and the second 
is like unto it, "Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself." The social 
involvement of the cathedral clergy and other members of its staff 
is a response to the second commandment. 

We are offering up our best skills in a timeless, noble style of 
architecture to the Glory of the Eternal Triune God of all mankind. 
Our purpose is to erect a monumental church giving some hint of the 
infinite majesty and mysterious holiness of our Lord. (It is now used 
as a place of worship for a minimum of twenty-eight services every 

This brings me to the point from which springs your deep concern 
for the poverty-stricken people of this country. Your conscientious 
question is a direct outgrowth of the moral teachings of the Christian 
gospel. If we cease building places of worship in response to the first 
commandment, we shall shortly lose our conscience and a consequent 
response to the second commandment. Someone has stated ours is a 
"cut-flower civilization." A dozen roses in a vase are indeed beauti- 
ful but short-lived since they are cut flowers. The moral conscience 
of the people of this nation will shortly wither and die and may indeed 
be partially dead now because not enough attention is being given to 
the first commandment of our faith. Like all of us, I am sure you have 
met some persons whom you would find most difficult to love were it 
not for your Christian recognition that they are likewise children of God. 

My last reason is so subjective in nature that it can be expressed 
only with considerable courage. Yet this subjective feeling is so real 
that it cannot be disregarded when judging those of us who are building 
this cathedral and those volunteer persons working for its furtherance 
of growth. This is the belief that our work is being offered up as an 
act of worship and thanksgiving. Most of the members of our staff 
and crews could find other places of employment with greater financial 
reward. We give our sundry skills, knowledge, and talents out of 
faith and a desire to lay our lives before the Almighty, sometimes 
referred to as the great architect of the universe. Would you knowingly 
deprive us of this offering of our skills and estates? 

Faithfully yours, 

Reprinted with Permission from The Cathedral Age, Winter Issue, 1968. 

By Merilyn Thompson 

Ministry to Sick Children 

ROSEMARY lies quietly between 
. the stiff, white sheets in her hos- 
pital room. She is nine years old and 
has just been admitted to a chil- 
dren's hospital because her doctor 
feels that she has a kidney infection. 

During the next few days she will 
have several tests and X-rays in ad- 
dition to medication and rest. 

Rosemary is one of thousands of 
children everywhere who suddenly 
find themselves separated from their 
parents, their friends, and all that 
is familiar to them. Their new world 
has too many faces; those faces are 
friendly, perhaps, but. far too many 
for most children who have had a 
limited number of people in their 
lives. Some studies show that a hos- 
pitalized child may see as many as 
fifty different people in one day. 

If you as a chaplain are going to 
have contact with hospitalized chil- 
dren and hope to offer sustaining 
strength and support, it is wise to 
think a little about how children feel 
and might react to their illness. 

December 1969 

Although adults are naturally 
afraid in hospitals, their knowledge 
of what is happening helps allay some 
fears. A child, however, is surround- 
ed by the unknown in a hospital. 
Each time he hears footsteps he won- 
ders what they might bring; could it 
be something painful? 

Children react in different ways to 
hospitalization. Many become very 
withdrawn, almost sullen; some are 
belligerent, and still others seem non- 
chalant. One thing is certain, though; 
they are all frightened and lonely. 

The quiet children are really the 
most pathetic; they will always do what 
is expected of them and are frequently 
thought of as the "good" ones on 
any ward. But these children, who al- 
ways find it very hard to communi- 
cate, may feel the greatest sense of 

The ones who are angry are having 
a rather healthy reaction to an un- 
pleasant situation. They feel that they 
should not have to have all the in- 
conveniences, the discomfort, and loss 

of contact with their family and 

Billy showed how he felt one Friday 
afternoon when the doctor came to 
take the cast off his arm which had 
been broken in a car accident. He 
kicked, screamed, and fought until 
the doctor decided to wait until 
Billy had calmed down. 

On Sunday his Sunday school 
teacher came in and spent a long time 
with Billy. They talked about his 
cast, God's love for Billy, and his 
ability to be there with Billy all the 

The following day Billy announced 
that he knew God would be with 
him all the time and so the cast 
could come off and it did with very 
little fuss. 

THE carefree child may be acting 
that way for one of two reasons. 
He may have been a patient for a 
long time and be familiar with the 
staff and the routine, or he may be 
trying to cover up his real feeling by 
pretending that he does not care. Of- 
ten in spite of his nonchalance he may 
be asking for help by pretending not 
to care. 

I remember talking to Robbie, age 
five, who very fearlessly insisted he 
was not afraid of the needles, but he 
did let me know that his teddy bear 
certainly was. 

Children are frequently ignored 
when a crisis arrives. They cannot 
do as much demanding as adults and 
many times adults feel so ill at ease 
visiting a child that they prefer to 
skirt around the problem. 

Let us then look at some of the 
things that might make a parent or 
visiting chaplain's contribution a 
more supportive one. 


To begin with whenever possible 
tell the truth. Even at two or three, 
a child can understand something of 
what is happening if the situation is 
lovingly explained. 

Every children's nurse can remem- 
ber the children coming to be ad- 
mitted who were told that they were 
going to a movie or a party and when 
they found themselves in a hospital 
were hysterical. 

Most parents work hard to help 
their child get better. Yet sometimes 
when they have to accept the fact that 
the hospital staff and the doctors 
must now carry on it is as if they have 
failed. They do not like this -feeling 
and the child does not like the in- 
security of an almost infallible moth- 
er not being able to make him well. 

Now of course if there is an acci- 
dent then this becomes less impor- 
tant as the stress is on getting the 
child out of danger physically, but 
when he is better it is helpful to 
somehow tell him what happened. 

Kathleen Gow, formerly Director 
of Social Services at the Hospital 
For Sick Children in Toronto, On- 
tario, frequently used dolls to play- 
act out what had happened. 

When Laura's mother came to visit 
her after a car accident in which they 
were both hurt, Laura would not 
speak to her. Mrs. Gow suggested 
using dolls to show Laura how Mom- 
my and Laura were driving, had an 
accident, and were both hurt. It was 
not long before Laura understood. 

A chaplain can certainly be of 
help to a child by giving support 
to the parents. If he can give the 
parents of a hospitalized child a sense 
of God's unending love and his abil- 
ity to take care of whatever situation 
they confront, the parents will pass 


this sense of peace on to their child. 

When you are going to see a child 

do try to get and use information 

from a nurse on the ward. Nurses are 

always busy and do appear that way 

j when you approach them, but do not 

! be daunted. Tell her who you are 

visiting and ask her if she would tell 

I you about that child when she has 

1 time. In almost every case you will 

| find the staff able to tell you about 

! the illness and how the child is acting. 

I If you want detailed information 

■ about a child's illness you must see 

j the doctor, but again I am sure you 

! will find him cooperative in most 


THE first visit can be difficult if 
you do not know the child well. 
Be sure to explain who you are and 
why you are there. Do not let the 
child be anxious about you, too. If 
your patient wants to talk to you, 
you will have opened the first door. 
Ask about the hospital, the food, 
the nurses, and so on. They like to 
hear about their very personal world 
at home and school, but mostly they 
want to tell someone about what is 
happening around them in the hos- 
pital. Just to share the burden makes 
it lighter. 

Because of apprehension we often 
talk and talk just to work out our 
own feelings of fear. It is so very 
much better for patients to share their 
problems with you rather than vice 
versa. If the child really is too ill or 
too withdrawn to talk, perhaps a few 
words and then silence is more help- 
ful, though you might tell a story here. 

All very ill people gain strength from 
physical contact, but children per- 
haps more than adults like to have 
someone hold their hand or even hold 
December 1969 

them if the hospital allows it. Do not 
be afraid to be like a father. 

Surprisingly, the question that most 
clergymen have on their minds when 
they visit in a hospital seems to be, 
"Shall I talk with God? Shall I pray 
with the patient?" With children, as 
with adults, the answer must be, "If 
it seems right." Many times it is 

Children are considerably less in- 
hibited about conversations about 
God and their relationship with him 
than are adults. They may just as- 
sume that you have come to talk 
about God, read from the Bible, and 
pray with them. 

Very sick children need your quiet 
prayers. The children who are ill 
and confined but able to talk, read, 
and play require spiritual support just 
as they need physiotherapy or any 
other medical treatment. They need 
to know that God continues to love 
them and be with them. They need 
to know that he understands how they 
feel, forgives them and cares for them. 

It is very necessary for sick children 
to be able to talk to God. When you 
leave they will have God near them. 
Someone to talk to. This gives great 
strength for facing new experiences. 
Try to let them feel God close to 
them and share their problems and 
hopes with him. 

God will be there and will help. 
We know that, but do not promise 
tremendous miracles in his name. 
Do not assure a child that she can 
go home tomorrow, or will be well 
the day after when she asks God to 
make her better. Let God answer 
her prayers. 

Because children are more spontan- 
eous than adults you may find that 
your relationship with them can 


bound ahead during an illness. They 
will get to look forward to your visit 
so try not to disappoint them. Chil- 
dren do not understand that you had 
to have a report written the very- 
afternoon you promised to see them. 

Frequently, as you help a child 
through an illness you will watch him 
grow as he copes with problems, and 
you will have a deep sense of satis- 
faction—and you will grow a little, 
too. " END 


The Futurist 

The World Future Society, P. O. Box 19285, Twentieth Street Station, 
Washington, D. C. 20036, publishes a very stimulating bimonthly magazine 
called The Futurist. The Society is a non-partisan, non-profit, educational 
and scientific "association for the study of alternative futures." The magazine 
presents a helpful digest of a wide range of current thinking on subjects which 
have significant implications for the future quality of life on earth. Subscription 
to The Futurist is $7.50 per year. Membership in the Society is optional and 
is included in the subscription price. 

Creative Communications Tools 

Religion in American Life, 475 Fifth Ave., New York, N. Y. 10017. has a 
list of creative communications tools for reaching the larger community with a 
faith-in-action emphasis. Write for a price list and descriptive folder of these 
public relations aids for chapels, churches, and synagogues. 

How About a Drama? 

The Alpha-Omega Players Repertory Theater of America specializes in 
presentations in churches, with a bare minimum of sets, staging and equipment. 
In a worship setting this small ecumenical traveling company of players gives 
performances of "Saint Joan," "The World of Carl Sandburg," and "Spoon 
River Anthology." For financial arrangements, dates and other details write: 
Alpha-Omega Players, Mr. Drexel H. Riley, 4426 Lankershim Blvd., North 
Hollywood, Calif. 91602. 

Public Schools and Religion 

The Fourth R by CLAIRE COX is a book published by Hawthorn Books, 
Inc. 70 Fifth Ave., New York, N. Y. 10011. Price $4.95. It deals with the 
subject: What Can Be Taught About Religion in the Public Schools. 


Bv James T. Cleland 

Be-Na Gliff'd! 


IS my good purpose on this 
humid June morning to kill three 
birds with one stone: the Clelandian 
Christmas card, a sermon for the 
Duke Chapel, and an article for THE 
CHAPLAIN -all for December, 
1969. Why? My wife addresses the 
scores of greetings during July and 
August, and must know the size of 
envelope to buy. THE CHAPLAIN 
wants the end-of-the-year column 
by June 24. And I might as well make 
use of the basic thought for a Nativ- 
ity sermon. Q.E.D.? 

Is there a primer? Yes — naturally! 
The Duke residential system houses 
women on a separate campus at the 
other end of a meandering drive from 
the male dormitories — co-education 
with a two-mile hyphen. Nigh on 

twenty years, Brown House, a girls' 
dormitory, has invited me to be Santa 
Claus for its Christmas party at 10:30 
of a yuletide evening. This is a faculty 
fringe benefit. I look something like 
Father Christmas to my middle; there 
the kilt takes over. And my Brownies 
call me "Sandy McClaus." The for- 
mat of the evening changeth not. It 
is static — by demand. Its ingredients 
are carol singing, an open letter to 
Santa Claus, the public recognition 
of engagement rings, a few "official" 
presents, refreshments. It closes with 
family worship: the reading of the 
Nativity lessons, prayers, the Lord's 
Prayer, the Blessing. One year, I 
tried to omit the formalized religious 
portion of the party, lest it was merely 
a courtesy on the part of the girls to 

Dr. Cleland is Dean of the Chapel, Duke University, Durham, N. C. 
I December 1969 13 

the Dean of the Chapel. A senior 
raised her hand and asked: "If I get 
my Bible, will you read to us the 
Christmas Story?' 1 I sat rebuked, em- 
barrassed, and overjoyed. I con- 
sented. However, there is one con- 
tinuing problem: How can the impact 
and the meaning of the Incarnation 
be kept fresh, year after year? One 
aid is to read the Matthean and Lucan 
passages from different versions. There 
is now quite a number, Laus Deol 
One such is The New Testament in 
Braid Scots, rendered by the Rever- 
end William Wye Smith, and pub- 
lished by Alexander Gardner at Pais- 
ley, Scotland, in 1901. An old Scots 
minister gave it to me and inscribed 
it for me, on August 10, 1931, as I 
was leaving to settle in the -U.S.A.: 
"Where no Braid Scots will be found 
as a living language/' Let me sample 
it with you, as I have with my Brown- 

Here are two verses, 10 and 11, from 
its rendition of the frightened shep- 
herd story in Luke 2: 

And the Angel said, "Be-na gliffd: 
for I bring ye gude tidins o'muckle joy 
to the hale warld! 

For thar is born t'ye this day, in 
Dauvid's toun, a Saviour, wha is the 
Anointit Lord." 

That heavenly broadcaster must 
have been an embryonic Caledonian 
angel, maybe by the name of Hamish 
Auchterlonie or Angus McFungus. 
Now, how's that for a primer to 
ignite the charge which kills three 
birds with one fell shot — to amend 

Be-na gliffd! "Gliff" means to 
frighten, startle, surprise — you can 
find it in Webster! Now, the reaction 


of the shepherds is understandable. 
Wouldn't you be gliffd, if an angel 
appeared to you in mid-air? Zacha- 
rias and Mary were alarmed, too (Luke 
1:13 and 30) when celestial visitors 
confronted them. The Greek verb is 
the same in all three instances, though 
the braid Scots version rings the 
changes: "Be-na fleyt, Zachariah!" 
and "Fearna, Mary!" None had the 
presence of mind of the Negro farm- 
hand who saw, for the first time, an 
unexpectedly downed aviator approach 
him, and respectfully said: "Good 
moniin,' massa Jesus. How's your 
Pa?" But he had the advantage of 
nineteen centuries of Christian cul- 
ture, which brings me to the point. 

THE basic reason why the Chris- I 
ian believer is not fundamen- 
tally gliffd is not the Incarnation but : 
the Resurrection. The coming of 
Christ is celebrated because it is a 
promise of a future with Christ. This : 
has been said so often in this column, 
that I'm going to leave it at that. I 
Even so, Christmas per se is the sym- I 
bol of hope even now, even here, I 
even for us. The message of the angels I 
is that God has identified himself | 
with the world and with human des- | 
tiny. The enfleshment of the Logos i 
is the sign that God is for us. This ! 
needs to be said in a year of despair. : 
Phillips Brooks was right when 101 i 
years ago he conjoined two nouns 
in his Bethlehem carol: The hopes j 
and fears of all the years (before and | 
after) are met in thee tonight (and | 
every Christmas eve). Yet the theme 
is not one of fear but of hope. It is 
good news, and not a gloomy report 
on current events. The hope is rooted 
in the love of God which "casteth \ 
out fear" (1 John 4:18), which fear 


is the cause of hate. Such hope is more 
than an earnest, a token, a hint of 
what is to be. It is the real thing, in 
quality if not in quantity, now, here, 
and for us. 

Do you want something worth 
reading for Christmas? Buy Three 
Plays by Thornton Wilder, published 
(1966) in the Bantam Library for 
75 cents, and read the second one: 
"The Skin of our Teeth." It is rea- 
sonably adjudged to be the best play 
from the period of World War II. It 
is the story of Mr. George Antrobus 
(Anthropos) and his wife Maggie 
(Eve of the Garden) who survive, in 
three acts, an ice age, a cosmic flood, 
and a catastrophic war. As one critic 
succinctly writes: it is "a panoramic 
view of all human history reduced 
to the experiences of a New Jersey 
suburban family." Listen to George 
and Maggie talk, in the ruin of their 
home, toward the end of the play: 

Yes, under God and the Word be- 
come words, every Mr. Anthropos 
may recover a faith in humanity and 
its ability to survive, even though at 
times only by the skin of its teeth 
(Job 19:20). So be-na gliff'd! Halle- 
lujah! Glory to God in the highest! 



Antrobus: Maggie, Fve lost it. I've 
lost it. 

Mrs. Antrobus: What, George? What 
have you lost? 

Antrobus: The most important thing 
of all: The desire to begin again, to 
start building. . . . 

Mrs. Antrobus helps him to regain 
it: the good hope which carried them 
through the ice age, and the flood, 
and a great war. He calls to mind 
what steadied him before: the need of 
confused people; the memory of his 
home and family; and the voices in 
books: in Plato, in Aristotle, in Spi- 
noza, and in the Bible. So he rallies: 

Antrobus: All I ask is the chance to 
build new worlds and God has always 
given us that. And has given us voices 
to guide us. . . . 

At Cam Ranh Bay, Chaplain Peter 
D. Rhodes and his men leave the hot 
shops, board their LCM and pull 
away from the South Beach dock. 
Once the scheduled area is reached, 
the craft is stopped and religious 
services are held. The entire pro- 
ceedings last about half an hour. 


Others within and without the Govern- 
ment are free to work unqualifiedly for 
the best of all possible worlds. The Secre- 
tary of Defense must make certain that 
we are prepared for the worst. 

—Clark M. Clifford, September, 1968. 

December 1969 


Staff Directors of the General Commission 

Our readers will recall that during 1969 we have been observing 
the 25th anniversary of THE CHAPLAIN magazine by including a 
feature in each issue on historical materials concerning chaplaincy 
leadership, both civilian and governmental. We close the year with a 
roster and pictures of staff directors of the General Commission since 
its establishment in 1917. The cooperative and ecumenical character 
of the Commission's life and work is evident from the wide range of 
denominations and backgrounds of these leaders. 

1866-1961 Methodist 
Pastor of Indiana churches, 1893- 
1904; and of Epworth Memorial 
Church, Cleveland, Ohio, 1905-1915, 
where he was one of the organizers 
of the Cleveland Church Federation. 
From 1915-1917, pastor of New York's 
Madison Avenue Methodist Church, 
and from 1917-1937 the executive of 
the Federal Council's work in social 
service. Wrote a volume of poetry 
titled, Afterglow and a biography of 
Robert R. Roberts, Frontier Bishop. 
Archivist of De Pauw University, 
from which he received honorary 
Litt. Din 1956. 



1886-1933 Methodist 
Served churches in New Hampshire, 
and was with the Federal Council of 
Churches in several positions. He 
received his education at Northwes- 
tern, Garrett, and Boston. 

i v 


k 0, 

■ *5r v 


i ijif^jip -^ 


PL* j(^ 


1864-1931 Presbyterian 
Educated at New York University, 
the College of New Jersey, and Union 
Theological Seminary, NYC. Dean 
of students and other faculty and 
staff positions at U.T.S. 1901-1931. 
Member, War-time Commission of 
the Churches, 1917-1919. 

December 1969 


1865-1935 Methodist 
Educated at the Leesville English 
and Classical Institute, S. C. Editor 
of the S. C. Advocate, President of 
the Board of Trustees of Columbia 
College. President of Harry Indus- 
trial Institute, Secretary of the War 
Work Commission of the Methodist 
Church, South. Secretary, the Wash- 
ington Office Federal Council of 
Churches and American Friends of 


1875-1951 Presbyterian 
Cumberland University, B.D., LL.D., 
Union Theological Seminary, NYC, 
Columbia University. Pastor, Kirks- 
ville, Mo. and Astoria, N. Y.; Field 
Secretary, James Millikin Univer- 
sity, 1921-22; Executive Secretary, 
Washington Federation of Churches, 
1922-40; became President of the 
Washington City Bible Society in 
1940, and retired in 1948. 

'~*~^ ?c^ f 



1933 ROY B. GUILD, 
1871-1945 Congregational 
Minister in Woodstock, Chicago, 111.; 
executive for Congregational home 
missions; director of "Men and Re- 
ligion Forward Movement," execu- 
tive of Federal Council's Commis- 
sion on Councils of Churches. 

1897-1947 Congregational & 
Clergyman, educator; son, Dwight L. 
(evangelist) and Emma C. (Revell) 
B.A., Yale, 1901, hon. D.D., 1924; 
President Middlebury (Vt.) Col- 
lege, Aug. 1921-June 1942; G.H.Q. 
chaplain A.E.F.; Chevalier Legion 
of Honor (French); Comdr. Order 
of Isabella the Catholic (Spanish). 

December 1969 


1887-1951 Baptist 
Pastor, Rhodes Scholar, Rutgers, 
Colgate-Rochester Divinity School, 
Ph.D. Oxford, Prof, at Crozer Theo- 
logical Seminary and Hampton In- 
stitute. Author: Seven Principles of 
Worship. WWI chaplain. In later 
years a defense specialist on the 
staff, Library of Congress. 

1944 EDWIN F. LEE, 
1884-1948 Methodist 
Bishop for Malaysia and the Phil- 
ippines; chaplain in A.E.F.; made 
post-WWTI tour of Pacific areas at 
request of Secretaries of Army and 
Navy and in 1947 Secretary of War, 
Robert P. Patterson, conferred on 
Bishop Lee the Medal of Merit. 



1888-1953 Presbyterian Layman 
Graduate of Miami University, Ohio. 
Mr. Rymer had a long career in 
YMCA including WWII service as 
Senior Secretary of the Army and 
Navy Dept. Active in the formation 
and program of USA. 

1895- Methodist 
Enlisted service in A.E.F.; Heidel- 
berg College, B.A., D.D., and Bos- 
ton University, B.D.; Associate of 
Mr. Rymer in YMCA's Army and 
Navy Dept., WWII; Executive Di- 
rector, Commission on Emergency 
Services, National Council of 
Churches. Retired from the Gen- 
eral Commission 1962. Home ad- 
dress: Rest-stead, Meriden, N. H. 

December 1969 


1918- Baptist 
Roosevelt University, B.A.; Bethel 
Theological Seminary, B. Th; Jud- 
son College, Elgin, Illinois, D.D. 
Army Chaplain, WW II and Korean 
War to 1958; denominational chap- 
laincy executive 1958-1962. 


More on Active Duty Chaplains Who Are Blood Brothers 
(see March-April, 1969, CHAPLAIN, p. 67) 
Retired Army Chaplain Herman H. Heuer writes that the following Lutheran 
siblings served as Army chaplains during World War II: 
Ernest E. and Herman H. Heuer 
George W. and William Kautz 
George E. and Roswell E. Mennen 
Edgar L. and Luther H. Robinson 
Oscar W. and Theodore Schoech 
Monsignor Joseph Marbach reports that the Military Ordinariate has the 
following blood brother combinations now on active duty: 
Arthur M. and John T. Calter, Army 
Evan J. and Robert Greco, Navy 
James F. Heffernan, Army, and 

Thomas A. Heffernan, Air Force 
Briant M. Regan, Army, and 
John P. Regan, Navy. 
We welcome this research assistance from our friends and readers. The 
experience of thousands of chaplains constitutes a good "memory bank." 




By David Reid 

WE needed a pulpit badly! The 
new Regimental Kirk was a 
bare room with dining-hall chairs and 
a six-foot table with a white bedsheet 
over it. We needed a pulpit! 

"None available, 1 ' said the Quarter- 
master. "Take some time to get an 
item like that made, too." 

"Just have to wait, I suppose," said 
the Padre. 

Some days later Sergeant H. ap- 
proached the Padre rather diffidently. 
"Do we still need a pulpit, Padre?" 

"Yes," replied the Padre. 

"Well, I met a man last night who 
has one for sale," said Sergeant H. 
He dropped his eyes as if he were 
afraid that the Padre would think 
that this was a leg pull. 

The Padre did! But it wasn't! 

The Padre had a sudden vision of 
the eminently respectable Sergeant 
H. being accosted by a seedy-looking 
individual sidling up and saying, 
"Psst! Want to buy a pulpit?" Now 
how did he come to have a pulpit for 
sale? Was he perhaps a merchant 
seaman with an unusual but lucra- 
tive line in smuggled Japanese pul- 
pits, disguised as ships* bridges? It 
might just work. 

The Padre's vision faded and he 
found the respectable Sergeant H. 
still waiting for an answer. "How on 
earth did you meet a man with a pul- 

Reprinted with permission from the 
Department, Xovember, 1968. 

pit for sale?" 

"At a Rotary meeting," explained 
the sergeant, "it just came up in con- 

Now even ministers have compara- 
tively few conversations about pul- 
pits so the Padre, consumed with 
curiosity, asked how a soldier and a 
Cornish Rotarian had stumbled on 
such a subject of conversation. 

"He's a farmer," said Sergeant H., 
"and he was telling me that he had 
just bought an old Methodist chapel 
for use as a barn, and," continued the 
sergeant without a trace of a smile, 
"since most of his cows are High 
Church of England, he thinks that 
for the sake of milk yield he should 
dispose of the Methodist pulpit." 

The Padre and Sergeant H. set off 
one fine day to inspect the pulpit and, 
after a fine farmhouse tea, the bar- 
gain was struck. 

"Two pounds for a pulpit," mused 
Sergeant H. on the way back to bar- 
racks, "there's a moral there." 

Some weeks later the pulpit, suit- 
ably altered and disguised as a Church 
of Scotland pulpit, was dedicated in 
the new Regimental Kirk along with 
other items of furniture which had 
been made from the wood originally 
intended for a new pulpit. At the 
back of the kirk sat Sergeant H. with 
a happy smile on his face! END 

Journal of the Royal Army Chaplains' 

December 1969 


By Merle N. Young 

The Rich Years of Chaplain 
William N. Thomas 

Second article in series about former Navy Chiefs of Chaplains 

THE Pilot House is ideally located on a hill overlooking Lake 
Junaluska. As you step onto the porch your eye is drawn to a 
model of a World War II cruiser that hangs above the entrance. Step 
inside in response to a cheery "hello," and a glance at the Navy 
mementos displayed attractively around the room tells you this is the 
home of a man "who has gone down to the sea in ships." 

At Lake Junaluska, North Carolina, the Pilot House has been the 
active retirement home for twenty years of Rear Admiral William 
N. Thomas, Chaplain Corps, U. S. Navy, who was Chief of Chaplains 
1945-1949. Beloved and admired by people of the mountain com- 
munity, which is also one of the great religious centers of the world 
known as Lake Junaluska Methodist Assembly, Chaplain and Mrs. 
Thomas brought to Western North Carolina the same gracious spirit, 
warm friendliness, and human concern that characterized their lives 
during thirty-two years of Naval service. Three miles from Lake 
Junaluska is the popular mountain resort town of Waynesville, nestled 
between ranges of the Great Smokies. There Chaplain Thomas is 
known as "chaplain to Waynesville," for at some time he has served 
as interim pastor in each of the four Protestant churches. In recog- 
nition of his services to the community he was given a life member- 
ship in the Waynesville Country Club much to his delight, for Chap- 
lain Thomas has happily been one to tee off on the golf course rather 
than at people. 


J^\ - 


Rear Admiral William N. Thomas, CHC, USN (Ret) 

HIS notable career in the Navy began in 1917. Recently I made 
one of many visits to the Pilot House and he talked of cherished 
memories, shipmates, chaplains he has known, and officers of the 
line — a store of information that is alive with meaning and continues 
to bring a richness to his years. 

He recalls with delight and a sense of high privilege the good will 
cruise of the USS Raleigh to European and African ports of call in 
1928-1929. The ship was sent on behalf of the State Department 
and in every port dignitaries and diplomats were entertained. The 
senior officer present afloat was Vice Admiral John N. Dayton, a fine 
Naval officer and a devoutly religious man. Consequently, at every 
dinner on the Raleigh he requested that a blessing be said. By the 
end of the year-long cruise Chaplain Thomas had prayed over and 
for more foreign dignitaries of every shape, dress, nationality and race 
than any other Navy chaplain. 

Another high point in his career was service as chaplain at the 
U. S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, from 1924-1927 and 1933-1945. It 
was during his second tour that the Naval Academy Chapel was en- 
December 1969 25 

larged to seat 2,500 midshipmen, by adding a new and beautiful 
nave that makes the chapel one of the finest and most inspiring 
houses of worship in the nation. Very few chaplains and Navy people 
know that at the request of midshipmen in 1938 Chaplain Thomas 
wrote a prayer for them, from his heart to their hearts, and ever since 
this Midshipman's Prayer has been used at Divine Service in the 
Naval Academy Chapel. The prayer is on page 27. 

Chaplain Thomas became Chief of Navy Chaplains during the 
closing months of World War II. He remembers vividly the Service 
of Thanksgiving held in the White House on Victory Day, 1945. 
President Truman had requested the Service and it was arranged by 
the two Chiefs of Chaplains — Major General Luther Miller, U. S. 
Army, and Chaplain Thomas. The President, his family, and many 
key members of the Administration were present. It was in this 
setting and on such an occasion, the victorious end of a terrible war 
of six years' duration and millions of human casualties, that Chaplain 
Thomas joined his Army colleague in thanksgiving and praise at the 
White House that the suffering had ended and the demonic tyranny of 
Hitlerism had been overcome. 

He never cared for administrative duties, and so being Chief of 
Chaplains was not an unmixed blessing because it kept him away 
from the pastoral relation with Navy men. He recalls vividly that the 
years 1945-1946 were difficult because, with the war ended, so many 
chaplains were anxious to return to their churches; Naval installations 
were being closed down and ships de-commissioned. In all the de- 
tails and crises during this rollback period one experience stands out. 
This was the complete support he received from the Chief of Naval 
Operations and President Truman for a plan to make chapels at 
closed Naval installations available to church groups in the sur- 
rounding civilian communities. A panel of Navy chaplains composed 
of representatives of the three major faiths handled this, and with 
support from the top in every instance, where appropriate, surplus 
Navy chapels were turned over to civilian religious groups needing a 
place of worship. 

CHAPLAIN Thomas remembers another event — where support 
and encouragement from the higher echelon in command meant 
a great deal to him personally. While Chief of Chaplains he perform- 
ed many marriages and baptisms on behalf of friends he had known 
across the years. This appealed greatly because in each instance he 
became pastor to the family. But on one occasion while he was on 
an inspection trip to the west coast he performed the marriage cere- 
mony for the daughter of a Navy Admiral, a personal friend. A well- 
known Washington columnist picked this up and wrote a scathing 
article about the Navy Chief of Chaplains taking a plane to the west 



Almighty Father, whose way is in the sea and whose paths are in the 
great waters, whose command is over all and whose love never faileth: 
Let me be aware of Thy presence and obedient to Thy Will. Keep me 
true to my best self, guarding me against dishonesty in purpose and 
in deed, and helping me so to live that I can stand unashamed and unafraid 
before my shipmates, my beloved ones, and Thee. Protect those in whose 
love I live. Give me the will to do the work of a man and to accept my 
share of responsibilities with a strong heart and a cheerful mind. Make 
me considerate of those intrusted to my leadership and faithful to the 
duties my country has intrusted to me. Let my uniform remind me daily 
of the traditions of the Service of which I am a part. If I am inclined to 
doubt, steady my faith; if I am tempted, make me strong to resist; if 
I should miss the mark, give me courage to try again. Guide me with the 
light of truth and keep before me the life of Him by whose example and help 
I trust to obtain the answer to my prayer, Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen. 

—Written by Rear Admiral William N. Thomas, CHC, USN, Ret. 

coast at great expense just to perform a marriage ceremony for the 
daughter of a high-ranking officer. The allegation was untrue and yet 
embarrassing because of national prominence given the article. But 
the Chief of Naval Operations put everything in proper perspective 
when he said to Chaplain Thomas, "Forget it. We know you. We 
know why you were out there. Pay no attention, for you have more 
important things to do!" 

As we continued to talk during the most recent visit, and Chaplain 
Thomas reached back in the storehouse of memory to bring out 
events, names and places, it became clear that his years as a Navy 
chaplain were precious to him also because of the fellowship and sup- 
port of chaplains he had known and admired over long years of ser- 
vice. Such names came up as Robert D. Workman, Ernest Ackiss, 
John Moore, Bill Maguire, Razzie Truitt, "Stan" Salisbury, Eddie 
Harp, Paul Dickman, John Hugues, and George Rosso. He recalled 
the fidelity of these chaplains to their calling, their undiscourageable 
spirit when the going was rough and the Corps was young, their 
devotion to one another and abiding friendship that grew out of both 
joy and adversity. He recalled the Roman Catholic chaplain, John 
Hugues, who was his executive assistant in the years 1945-1949: a 
chaplain impeccable in character and conduct who, with his own 
steadiness and clarity of mind helped keep the Chief of Chaplains' 
Office on an even keel during the rollback years after World War 
(Continued on page 46) 
December 1969 27 

A Jewish Chaplain 

Rabbi Robert D. Gill was ordained by the Rabbi Isaac Elchanan 
Theological Seminary of Yeshiva University in June, 1967. 
Rabbi Gill volunteered for service in the United States Army, 
after being in the reserve for eighteen months. The Army is 
a place to serve his people by ministering to Army personnel, 
especially those of the Jewish faith. The first step in the 
chaplain's training was a summer at the United States Army 
Chaplains' School at Fort Hamilton, and then assignment to 
Fort Ord, California. 

Post Jewish Chaplain Gill works under direction of Post Chaplain (COL) 
William R. Hett, at Fort Ord. Here they are discussing future programs 
for chapel. 



Ministers To His People 

Chaplain Gill works closely with his 
assistant, SP4 Alan P. Kapell. One 
of the Jewish publications distri- 
buted by the Jewish chaplain's office 
is "Bagels 'n Lox Bulletin," edited 
by Mrs. Gill. Publications on holi- 
days and other areas of Jewish 
studies are supplied by the National 
Jewish Welfare Board; these and a 
fully-stocked library of Judaica are 
available to the Jewish community 
at Fort Ord. 

Trainees participate in all aspects of worship services; here, one of 
them opens the ark during worship conducted by Chaplain Gill. 

«^#c "> 

Being away from home becomes less 
painful to trainees when they can 
assist the chaplain in the rituals of 
the familiar worship service. 

Chaplain Gill regularly visits patients in the U.S. Army Hospital at 
Fort Ord. Patients are always glad to have someone to talk with. 


,#*i v 

Chanukah is a high festive point of the year for the children. Chanukah 
party comes after the children have learned the traditions of the holiday. 
Here Chaplain Gill leads children in lighting menorah. 

After Chanukah comes Passover. 
Here Chaplain Gill delivers Passover 
foods to a newly arrived housewife. 
The Community Seder is attended 
by most of the Jewish military per- 
sonnel at Fort Ord, and is a com- 
munal function since congregants 
assist at all stages from prepara- 
tion to participation. 

December 1969 


Many of the problems which Chaplain Gill has faced during the day he 
takes home with him to discuss with his wife — perhaps over a very 
relaxing game of chess. 


Chaplain (MAJ) Alfred E. Brough 
(left) presents SSG J. R. Bracken 
an Appreciation Certificate for his 
contribution to the religious life 
of Taukkunen Barracks Chapel. 


Establishing some sort of record for 
tenure, the Reverend George Gleig was 
head of British Army chaplains for 29 
years (1846-1875); and Bishop J. Taylor 
Smith served for 24 years prior to and 
through World War I. 

Some of Oliver Cromwell's chaplains 
served as the first war correspondents. 
They reported in the press on the move- 
ments of troop units and the results 
of battles. 

The Reverend John Gamble was 

Chaplain General and also Chief Signal 

Officer in the British Army in 1796. 

— From In This Sign Conquer by 

Sir John Smyth, V.C., Mobrays, 

London: 1968. 



By Robert F. Hemphill 

ShsphsuidA, TAnd&L JthiL gjwAA. 

Concerning the chaplaincy of the Philippine Air Force 

SAMSON B. Almarez is one of a 
kind and he wears his mantle of 
distinction with resolution and grace. 
First Lieutenant Almarez is the first 
and only Protestant chaplain in the 
Philippine Air Force (PAC). 

It is not unusual that there should 
be but one Protestant chaplain in the 
Air Force of the Republic of the 
Philippines, for this substantially 
reflects the religious denominational 
distribution of the Philippine popu- 
lation, 82% of the Filipinos are Ro- 
man Catholic and the remainder are 
divided among the Philippine Inde- 
pendent Church, various Protestant 
denominations, Moslem, Buddhist, 
and other forms of belief. 

In a recent interview, the acting 
Chief Air Chaplain, PAF, Major 
Angel Padilla, described the history 
and development of the chaplaincy 

December 1969 

to which he belongs, citing some of 
its problems and certain of its prac- 

Chaplain Padilla, a military chap- 
lain since 1951, was with the Philip- 
pine Army before he transferred to 
the PAF in 1962. He is a serious 
man who listens attentively to ques- 
tions in order to make his replies 
fully responsive. His bearing and 
manner denote pride in his calling, 
and he warms quickly to discussion 
of the pastoral opportunities of the 
chaplain among servicemen. 

The PAF chaplaincy is young in 
years and in spirit, Chaplain Padilla 
explained, having had its inception as 
a separate component of the Air 
Force on July 1, 1961. The PAF it- 
self had its beginnings in the early 
days of the new republic established 
after World War II on July 4, 1946, 


when the United States granted the 
Philippines complete independence, 
as provided for by the Tydings-Mc- 
Duffie Act of 1934 (better known as 
the Philippines Independence Act). 
This action followed over four dec- 
ades of American dominion during 
which the Commonwealth of the 
Philippines had been created and the 
people of the islands had gained in- 
creasing measures of self-govern- 
ment, to include the maintenance of 
a modest but dedicated defense or- 

The PAF chaplaincy heritage de- 
rives from the Philippine Army which 
received its first chaplains in 1936. 
The Philippine constabulary or "PO." 
a paramilitary force responsible for 
internal security and which ranks 
organizationally as a national defense 
element on a par with the Army. 
Navy, and Air Force, first had chap- 
lains' in 1948. 

Christianity in the Philippines goes 
much farther back, to the early Span- 
ish expeditions, the first of which was 
led by the erstwhile Portugese. Ferdi- 
nand Magellan, a stanch Roman 
Catholic. In 1521 Magellan landed on 
what is now called Cebu and less 
than a month later perished during a 
foray on neighboring Mactan Island. 
In 1565 the expedition of Miguel 
Lopez de Legazpi reached Cebu to 
construct the first permanent Span- 
ish settlement. Among his contingent 
were five Augustinians who probably 
launched the first organized effort 
to Christianize the islands. Members 
of other Roman Catholic orders 
labored in the Philippines in the next 
several centuries and helped estab- 
lish Roman Catholicism as the ma- 
jor Christian form of religious be- 
lief and practice. 


WITH the American occupation 
at the end of the 19th century 
Protestant Christian denominations 
began to take shape in the islands, 
introducing a period of complex de- 
nominational maneuvering. Protes- 
tant missionaries brought in the 
Methodist. Presbyterian. Episcopal. 
Baptist. United Brethren. Disciples, 
and Congregational traditions, and 
subsequently native leadership took 
the independent Philippine Metho- 
dist. Baptist, and Disciples Churches 
out of the parent denominations. In 
1902 a group of Catholic communi- 
cants who subscribed to the ritual but 
not to the papal authority of the 
Roman Catholic Church formed the 
Aglipayan or Philippine Independent 

There were occasional steps in the 
direction of denominational unifica- 
tion. In 1929 the Presbyterians. United 
Brethren. and Congregationalists 
joined forces to make up the United 
Evangelical Church of the Philip- 
pines. Five years later eleven inde- 
pendent Protestant churches which 
earlier had broken away from the 
parent denominations combined 
their efforts to become the Iglesia 
Evangelica Unida de Christ o. 

The present United Church of 
Christ in the Philippines dates from 
1948 and was formed as the result of 
an organic merger of the Evangelical 
Church of the Philippines, the Philip- 
pine Methodist Church, the United 
Evangelical Church of the Philippines, 
and indigenous local congregations. 
It embarked upon work previously 
undertaken by the former Evangelical 
United Brethren Church, the Re- 
formed Church in America, the 
United Christian Missionary Society, 
the United Church of Christ in the 


Shown on the left is Chaplain (MAJ) Angel Padilla, Acting Chief Air 
Chaplain, Philippine Air Force, with Chaplain (1/LT) Samson B. Alma- 
rez, the first and as yet the only Protestant chaplain in PAF. 

U.S.A., and the United Presbyterian 
Church in the U.S.A. 

The first movement toward inter- 
denominational cooperation and 
ecumenism in the Philippines mani- 
fested itself in 1901 with the forma- 
tion of the Evangelical Union. Nearly 
three decades later, in 1929, it be- 
came the National Christian Council 
and, in 1939, the Philippine Federa- 
tion of Evangelical Churches. In 
1949 it became known as the Philip- 
pine Federation of Christian Church- 
es, utilizing that title until 1963 when 

the present National Council of 
Churches in the Philippines was con- 

Seven churches comprise the mem- 
bership of the National Council: 
the Convention of Philippine Bap- 
tist Churches, the Iglesia Evangelica 
Methodista en las Islas Filipinas, the 
Iglesia Evangelica Unida de Cristo, 
the Iglesia Filipina Independiente, the 
Philippine Episcopal Church, the 
United Methodist Church, and the 
United Church of Christ in the Philip- 

December 1969 


The National Council also has as- 
sociate members: the Association 
of Christian Schools and Colleges, 
the Philippine Bible Society, the 
Union Church of Manila, and the 
Student Christian Movement of the 

Agreed statistics which reflect in 
detail the current religious census of 

the Republic of the Philippines are 
elusive but the National Council 
considers the following data boxed 
below to be representative. 

This predominance of Catholics in 
the Philippines shows up in the relig- 
ious affiliation of the chaplains pres- 
ently on duty with the Philippine de- 
fense establishment. 

Philippine population: 


Roman Catholic: 


Independent Catholic: 












Roman Catholic 10 





Protestant 1 



THE lines of relationship between 
the military chaplaincy and the 
denominational hierarchy in the Phil- 
ippines resemble those in the United 
States. There is, for example, a Ro- 
man Catholic military vicar to person- 
nel of the Philippine armed forces, 
Rufino Cardinal Santos, the Arch- 
bishop of Manila. His responsibilities 
include the exercise of spiritual and 
administrative supervision of Catholic 
chaplains of the armed forces on be- 
half of the church and assistance in the 
recruitment of prospective chaplains. 
According to Chaplain Padilla, re- 
cruitment is difficult to undertake be- 
cause of the critical shortage of priests 
in the Philippines. "At present there 
is only one for each 10,000 persons," 
he explained, "while we try to main- 
tain a l-to-900 ratio in the services. 
This makes it something of a prob- 

lem to go to the Archbishop and ask 
for even one more priest for the 

On the Protestant side of the house 
the National Council of Churches has 
a chaplaincy committee which pro- 
vides liaison between the armed 
forces and the denominations, and 
assists in chaplain procurement. 

The PAF has five major bases: 
Nichols Air Base in Pasay City near 
Manila, where PAF headquarters is 
located; Basa Air Base, Pampanga 
Province; Fernando Air Base, Batan- 
gas Province; Mactan Air Base, Cebu 
Province; and Edwin Andrews Air 
Base, Zamboanga City. Additionally 
it has several dispersed sites where air- 
men are on duty. The Chief Air Chap- 
lain controls the assignment of his 
chaplains and his goal is to insure 
that every PAF member be able to 


The Philippine Air Force shoulder patch is a white-bounded ultra- 
marine blue circle of 2-5/8 inches in a diameter within which a smaller 
circle encompasses the greater portion of a pair of yellow-orange wings, 
tips extending slightly out to the outer boundary at the top (symbolic 
of flight) with a red-white-and-blue (emblematic of the three national 
colors) diamond-shaped figure called a lozenge at the wing base (sug- 
gestive of diehard spirit and reminiscent of the Philippine Army Air 
Corps battalion that bore the lozenge insignia through its heroic battle 
engagements during the Japanese invasion), and in the 3/8-inch area 
between the two white boundaries is an inscription done in white capital 
letters and three yellow-orange stars (representative of the major island 
groups of the country) situated so as to have the PHILIPPINE at the top 
just between the wingtips, AIR between the left and bottom stars, 
and FORCE between the right and bottom stars. It is worn one inch 
below the left shoulder seams in conventional display with the lozenge 
centered with the shoulder strap. 

— Legend furnished by PAF Chief Air Chaplain's Office 

December 1969 


obtain Catholic or Protestant clerical 
consultation within a reasonable 
time and regularly attend worship 
services, whatever his location. 
Since there aren't enough chaplains 
to go around, he supplements his 
resources by drawing auxiliary 
chaplains, Catholic and Protestant, 
from the civilian community, much 
as does the U.S. Air Force when it 
faces the same need. 

The predictable tasks of a PAF 
chaplain are not unlike those of 
an American military chaplain. The 
senior chaplain on station is a mem- 
ber of the commander's special staff 
and is responsible for the command 
religious program. Catholic chap- 
lains conduct daily Mass and observe 
holy days and other special occasions 
of religious significance. All worship 
services are led in English, one of the 
three official languages (the others 
are Spanish and Filipino). Chaplains 
are prepared to guide and counsel 
all ranks and such conversations are 
privileged. Chaplains take their turn 
at lecturing men in training and as 
necessary offer marriage counseling. 
One of the chaplains's most reward- 
ing functions, according to Chaplain 
Padilla, is to make pastoral calls 
upon military personnel and their 
families at home. 

If parents request it, chaplains have 
certain educational responsibilities. 
They present religious instruction to 
primary, grammar, and high school 
students, sometimes bringing in 
civilian clergymen to complement 
their own efforts. None of this kind of 
teaching is part of the regular on- 
base school program, Chaplain Padil- 
la said, for the base schools are public 
institutions and the law does not per- 
mit them to offer religious material 

as part of the curriculum. Freedom 
of worship and separation of church 
and state are observed in the Philip- 

The PAF chaplaincy is still a rela- 
tively small group, but its voice is 
being heard. The PAF Command- 
ing General, Brigadier General Jesus 
Z. Singson, works closely with his 
Chief Air Chaplain, consulting him 
on such topics as chaplain promo- 
tions and command behavior and 
morale. He has the Chief participate 
in official functions whenever invoca- 
tory and benedictory prayers are in 
order. Chaplains sit as members of 
command morale boards along with 
unit commanders, personnel officers, 
inspectors general, and judge advo- 
cates general. They are recognized as 
part of the team. 

There are as yet no publications 
regularly produced by or for the PAF 
chaplains other than letters and 
memoranda from the Chiefs office. 
They all have free use of the daily 
bulletins and other intra-service com- 
munications media. "Chaplains are 
very well known to the officers and 
airmen," Chaplain Padilla said, "and 
the individual who desires to consult 
one has absolutely no trouble in do- 
ing so." He added that chaplains 
keep regular office hours but do 
little visiting of airmen at their places 
of duty, believing that the man on the 
job should not be interrupted in his 
pursuit of important tasks. 

IN at least one respect the PAF 
chaplaincy differs considerably 
from its American counterpart. Chap- 
lain services personnel are not ear- 
marked as chaplaincy resources. Those 
airmen — usually noncommissioned 



officers — who serve alongside the 
commissioned chaplains are selected 
from the ranks and posted to duty by 
the senior unit commander concern- 
ed, but there is apparently no con- 
sistency in this action from one sta- 
tion to the next. The numbers and 
grades of such airmen may vary from 
time to time without the foreknowl- 
edge or concurrence of the Chief Air 
Chaplain. That this arrangement 
seems to present no unacceptable 
difficulties is testimony to the aware- 
ness of local commanders of the needs 
of the chapel program. 

Working with the Staff Chaplain, 
13th U. S. Air Force at Clark Air 
Base north of Manila, the PAF Chief 
Air Chaplain has set up a 24-week 
on-the-job training program for 
chaplain services personnel. One can 
usually find two PAF noncommis- 
sioned officers on temporary duty at 
Clark AB for that purpose. The train- 
ing is detailed and practical. As an 
example, a PAF staff sergeant sat in 
on a joint 13th/7th U.S. Air Force 
chaplain services personnel confer- 
ence in March, 1969, and got first- 
hand pointers on how to carry on an 
effective chapel program under field 

The professional military training 
of chaplains is another high interest 
item in the Chief's office. Men taking 
commissions as chaplains must have 
completed theological training and 
have been ordained as clergymen 
by their respective denominations. 
Chaplain Almarez, for instance, holds 
a bachelor of theology degree from 
Silliman University (1956), a bache- 
lor of arts degree from Baguio College 
(1962), and a bachelor of divinity 
degree from Silliman University 
(1965). He was ordained a minister 

of the United Church of Christ in the 
Philippines in April, 1956. Chaplain 
Padilla received a bachelor of sacred 
theology degree from the University 
of Santo Thomas Seminary in 1947, 
and was ordained a priest in March 
of that year. 

Once they are commissioned, PAF 
chaplains are expected to extend and 
improve their professional competence, 
and are encouraged to participate in 
denominational retreats and seminars. 
These often are conducted on a dio- 
cesan or regional basis and may in- 
volve considerable travel. Philippine 
churchmen, frocked and lay, have 
strong ties with their home churches 
and usually want to revisit them 
periodically during important local 
celebrations, in the interest of spiritual 

All PAF chaplains are also expected 
to undertake the training afforded 
line officers so that they can ap- 
preciate the mission and philosophy 
of the Air Force of which they are a 
part. None of the other Philippine 
defense forces follows this same prac- 
tice with respect to chaplains, ac- 
cording to Chaplain Padilla, but the 
PAF thinks that it is important and 
therefore schedules its chaplains at 
appropriate career times to attend 
the basic officer training course, the 
squadron officer course, and the Air 
Command and General Staff Col- 
lege. As yet no PAF chaplain has 
been a student at the Philippine Na- 
tional Defense College but Chaplain 
Padilla, himself a graduate of the 
U. S. Army Chaplain School at Fort 
Slocum (1951) and a booster of pro- 
fessional officer education, clearly 
thinks it would be a good idea. 

Like chaplains everywhere, the PAF 
(Continued on page 46 j 

December 1969 




By Roy F. Reynolds 

THE Veterans Administration 
Chaplain School at Jefferson 
Barracks, Missouri, is the VA's only 
facility for training VA Chaplains. 
Its faculty includes thirty hospital 
staff members. Since its beginning 
in 1964 by Chaplain Roy F. Rey- 
nolds, a Southern Baptist, the school 
has graduated seventy men of various 
faiths for assignment to VA hos- 
pitals in the United States. 

The six-week training program has 
no scheduled beginning. A student 
merely enters the phase that's in 
process when he arrives and follows 
the course back to his starting point. 
"We have to take them as vacancies 
occur," explained one of the school's 
directors, Chaplain Roy F. Reynolds, 
former assistant to the director of the 
VA Chaplain Service in Washington, 
D. C. Such flexible scheduling has 
resulted in several groups being en- 
rolled in different training phases at 

VA Chaplain School Directors, 
Chaplains Roy F. Reynolds and Ray- 
mar Bobher, at the school entrance, 
Jefferson Barracks, Mo. 

one time, Father Raymar E. Bobber, 
O.F.M., the school's other director, 
pointed out. 

The students are all ordained clergy- 
men with four years of college, three 


years of seminary, and at least three 
years of pastoral experience behind 

The training focuses on smoothing 
the transition from community to 
hospital activities. Trainees are in- 
structed or oriented in such diverse 
fields as nursing, psychiatry, chap- 
lain indoctrination, clinical staff 
work, psychology, social work, 
gerontology, and management oper- 
ations by the directors of those hos- 
pital divisions. 

The chaplain school strives to fit 
its trainees into the total patient care 
picture as a member of the healing 
team, a concept students often are 
unaware of before arriving at Jeffer- 

son Barracks. Students become mem- 
bers of the hospital staff, working 
daily with doctors, nurses, and ad- 
ministrators. They need to under- 
stand what other hospital- services 
do for the patient. 

While adjusting to their new roles, 
students are expected to carry on 
such pastoral services as consulting 
with patients, administering the sac- 
raments and conducting religious 
services — actions that will become 
daily routine after their assignment 
to VA hospitals. 

Student life theoretically consumes 
forty hours a week, but trainees live 
at the hospital on a 24-hour call to 
patients and staff members. 

Graduation Day has come for four chaplain trainees. Shown, L-R: 
Chaplain Reynolds, School Director; Dr. H. A. Perry, Chief of Staff; 
Chaplain John Richardson; Chaplain Francis Lavin; Dr. John Foley Dee, 
Hospital Director; Chaplain Albert Daly; Chaplain Frank Barta; Chap- 
lain Bobber, School Director. 

Chaplain Miles Murphy, assisted by Nurse Joan Custer, brings comfort 
to a hospitalized veteran. This is a large part of trainee's schooling. 

Many hours during training are spent with nurses, chaplains; seeing 
training films; attending lectures; participating in ward activities. 

h<' t 

The school's directors want their 
students exposed to every possible 
situation before they are graduated. 
It trains the trainees to stay cool 
through unexpected and sometimes 
tense incidents. What doesn't confront 
the student in the course of nature, 
the directors often manufacture 
through teaching devices. The trainee 
finds himself in the midst of a fictitious 
situation that demands decisive ac- 
tion. His reactions in the scene 
dramatized by staff members are 
evaluated by department heads and 
the school's directors. 

Trainees summon their reactions 
from a wide variety of experience. 
They have come to the school from 
service in parishes, hospitals, prisons, 
religious orders, educational insti- 
tutions, and the military. Before 
entering the service of the VA, two of 
the school's graduates were authors 
of books — a historical novel and a 
sociological study. 

Alumni include a Catholic with a 
law degree and a Ph.D in political 
science, teachers and officials in 
seminaries, colleges, religious orders, 
high schools; a foreign missionary 
who had served twenty years in 
Nassau and the Hawaiian Islands; 
and a Baptist who had spent most 
of his clergyman years as a prision 
chaplain. Several have seen combat 
duty in Vietnam, including a chap- 
lain who was recognized by a J.B. 
patient as his former chaplain on a 
hospital ship. 

Chaplains Reynolds and Bobber 
are hoping for a seven-office build- 
ing with a large classroom. The 
Chaplain School started in a little 
room of the hospital's chapel, then 
was moved to a large eight-desk 
area adjoining a conference room, a 

Typical classroom discussion. Seated, 
L-R: Chaplains Karl Berg, Roy F. 
Reynolds, Raymar Bobber, Allen 

small training film room and a class 

So highly have their superiors at 
VA hospitals praised the school's 
graduates that the VA's Central 
Office in Washington, D. C, is of- 
fering refresher programs to VA 
chaplains. A good number have 
either attended or have made plans 
to take this intra-VA educational 
detail. END 

The Sept.-Oct. CHAPLAIN, p. 43, an- 
nounced the opening of the World 
Christian Music Center. The President 
of Avant Garde Records, Inc., has just 
written us that this organization has been 
out of business since May 15, 1968. 
Inquiries about avant garde records 
should be addressed to Frank Siegfried, 
President, 250 W. 57th St., New York, 
N. Y. 10019. 

December 1969 




of a 



Became a 


By Edgar F. Wright 

Bishop William Tecumseh Vernon 

WILLIAM Tecumseh Vernon was 
born near Lebanon, Missouri, 
July 11, 1871. In 1906, he became the 
most widely known negro in the coun- 
try, when President Theodore Roose- 
velt appointed him Registrar of the 
United States Treasury. His signa- 
ture became nationally familiar on 
all Treasury paper. 

William's father, the Reverend Adam 
Vernon, was one of Colonel Miles 
Vernon's old slaves. After Abraham 
Lincoln signed the Emancipation 
Proclamation, the Reverend Vernon 
became a clerk in the produce de- 
partment of Wallace Brothers Store 
in Lebanon. When he could no long- 
er work in the store, he continued as 
coachman and houseman in the home 
of Charles Wallace. 

When he was a year old, William 
was brought into Lebanon from the 
little farm where the family had lived 
since the Civil War. Eager to give 
their son the education they had never 
had, they entered him at an early age 
in the Old Town school. Here he 
studied industriously until he was fif- 
teen years old. In the autumn of 
1886 he entered Lincoln Institute, from 
which he graduated with an excellent 
record in 1890. 

William at once began to teach in 
the public school at Bonne Terre, 
Missouri, where he remained for two 
years. So successful was he in this 
work that he was called back to 
Lebanon as principal of the negro 
school. During the four years he spent 
in this job his oratorical ability be- 



came so widely known that he was 
sought as a speaker in many parts 
of the country. 

Following his father's footsteps, Wil- 
liam was ordained a minister in the 
African Methodist Church, after 
which he continued his education at 
Wilberforce University in Ohio. Again 
his ever increasing ability was recog- 
nized, and he was offered the presi- 
dency of Western University, Kansas 
City, Kansas. 

The wisdom of those who invited 
him to undertake this work was 
amply justified. Within ten years, the 
Reverend William Vernon made Wes- 
tern an outstanding example of 
achievement. It was only the call of 
President Roosevelt for Vernon to 
come to Washington that made him 
leave this work, but it was not before 
he had assembled a faculty of fifteen 
qualified instructors and four hun- 
dred students. He had also improved, 
and added to, the buildings on the 

In 1910, the Reverend Vernon 
married the daughter of Bishop J. C. 
Embry. Mrs. Vernon was also a col- 
lege graduate, well equipped to aid 
her husband in his work. 

AFTER spending four-and-a-half 
.years as Registrar of the United 
States Treasury, Vernon received a 
call to be president of Campbell Col- 
lege, Jackson, Tennessee. This was 
already one of the leading negro 
schools in the South. He had made 
great improvements when, in 1915, he 
resigned in response to a call from his 
church, which he placed above all else. 
He became the minister of Avery 
Chapel, an A.M.E. church in Mem- 
phis, Tennessee. 

Early in the century the Reverend 

Vernon moved his father, mother, 
and sister, Jean, to a comfortable 
home in Kansas City, Kansas where 
they lived until their deaths. 

Happy in his church work, the Rev- 
erend Vernon was, nevertheless, 
forced to move higher, when at the 
General Conference of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church in St. Louis, 1920, 
he was elected a bishop of the African 
Methodist Church. This work took 
him far overseas. He was given su- 
pervision of the Seventeenth Episco- 
pal District, which comprised all of 
the missionary work of his church in 
the Union of South Africa. Accom- 
panied by his wife, the new bishop 
made his headquarters in Cape Town. 
From there he traveled vast distances 
over Cape Colony, the Transvaal, 
Orange Free State, Natal, and Bas- 
utoland. During this period he made 
four trips to Africa and Europe. 

So successful was Bishop Vernon in 
South Africa that, in 1924, he was 
assigned to the vast Fifteenth Epis- 
copal District. This then consisted of 
the conferences of Bermuda, Nova 
Scotia, Ontario, Michigan, Indiana, 
and Illinois. In 1928, as a relief from, 
and a reward for his constant travel- 
ing he was assigned to the Twelfth 
Episcopal District, which was con- 
tained in the State of Arkansas, and 
included six annual conferences. 

Still with plenty of vigor, and the 
unending zeal to improve the edu- 
cation of his people, the Bishop re- 
turned to Western University, where 
he worked in the Industrial Depart- 
ment. He now had the satisfaction 
of seeing this university, which he had 
helped so much forty years earlier, 
now take its place as one of the 
strongest institutions for the higher 
education of negroes in the United 

December 1969 


States. The faculty had increased 
from the fifteen he had left to forty 
members, all holding degrees from 
the country's leading universities. 

Lincoln University and Wilberforce 
University conferred on Bishop Ver- 

Laws. He was a Greek Letter fraternity 
man, an Odd Fellow, and a thirty- 
third degree Mason — the highest honor 
that the Craft can give. 

Few men have contributed more to 
their country than has William Te- 

non the degrees of Master of Arts, cumseh Vernon. 
Doctor of Divinity, and Doctor of 



(Continued from page 39) 

wearers of the cross are concerned lain Padilla said, 

about their own career development 
and advancement in rank. For them 
as for others, one of the make-or- 
break devices is the effectiveness re- 
port. On a regular schedule the Chief 
Air Chaplain evaluates the perform- 
ance of duty of each PAF chaplain, 
and then refers his report to the ratee- 
chaplain's immediate commander for 
endorsement. A completed copy ul- 
timately comes back to the Chief's 
office for review and file. This arrange- 
ment works well for the small 
group of specialists involved, Chap- 

and provides a 
balanced analysis of each ratee's 
activities and potential, combining 
the viewpoints of his professional, 
ecclesiastical superior and of his 
military commander. 

Asked to summarize PAF chaplain 
responsibilities, Chaplain Padilla 
smiled and gestured to a picture 
hanging in his office. It depicted Jesus 
tending a flock of sheep. "You will 
notice," he suggested, "that in his 
arms he carries a black sheep. I think 
this picture symbolizes the things we 
try to do." END 



(Continued from page 27) 

II. He remembered the aggressive bulldog work of "Stan" Salis- 
bury as Atlantic Fleet Chaplain and uniquely chaplain to the Mar- 
ines, who succeeded Chaplain Thomas in 1949 as Chief of Chaplains. 
If you should ask him, Chaplain Thomas would probably say, "Time 
does not permit me to tell of the host of fine, strong men I have known, 
colleagues in the calling to bring God to men and men to God in 
the Navy. But their memory has made my life richer and the Navy 
a little closer here in the Pilot House at Lake Junaluska." 

And so, Chaplain and Mrs. Thomas live on among present 
friends, with fond memories of Navy days. The activity of former years 
has slackened a little so that he can now enjoy the real leisure of "a 
country gentleman." But former shipmates, both line and staff, still 
beat a path to his door and come away refreshed by the spirit of one 
of God's great and good men. END 


By Harry Tisdale 

And the Lord Made Himself 



THE time is Sunday morning. The 
place, mid-ocean aboard the USS 
Triton. This is one of our country's 
largest atomic submarines. Its three 
inside decks and 450-foot length are 
designed to meet a variety of the 
crew's day-to-day needs. 

But what provisions are made for a 
church service today? This submarine 
does not carry a chaplain; so, this 
question arises. 

Now there is an answer. 

Something new has been added and 
with it any churchman on board can 
conduct the Sunday service. This 
something new could be called a 
church-in-a-box, but it is called a 
Chaplain's Kit. 

A 93-year-old New England Con- 
gregationalist working at the Protes- 
tant Radio and Television Center in 
Atlanta, Georgia, was made an Hon- 
orary Chaplain in the U. S. Navy 
when he applied his hobby to the 

problem and produced the Chaplain's 
Kit. He is Harlow M. Russell, a man 
short in stature, but with unlimited 

This kit is about the size of a por- 
table typewriter case and doesn't look 
much different. It weighs less than 14 
pounds and contains a cassette re- 
corder, an auxiliary speaker, a power 
adapter, and batteries, plus pre-re- 
corded music, singing, praying, and 
preaching. The recordings are done on 
handy little plastic encased tapes that 
snap smartly into the mouth of the 
machine like a well-made set of false 
teeth. They need no threading; thus, 
one can be popped out and the other 
snapped in while the leader turns the 
pages of his book or announces the 
next hymn. Different forms of service 
can be secured: Jewish, Catholic, and 
three different Protestant types, for- 
mal-liturgical, informal, and in-be- 
tween. The kits are useful if a chap- 

December 1969 


lain is present: if he is absent, they 
are indispensable. There are several 
devotional talks with music for me- 
ditation to replace the sermon. 

This is good for the submarine 
fleet and it should gladden the heart 
of the civilian to know that the ser- 
viceman on a lonely ship in a dis- 
tant sea can join in the fellowship of 
Christian worship. 

The Chaplains Kit is the latest 
adaptation of electronic equipment 
to church usage by Harlow M. Rus- 
sell, a man 93 years old who 21 years 
ago accidentally or maybe by the grace 
of God launched his missionary ca- 
reer. Mr. Russell lives in Boothbay 
Harbor. Maine, and St. Petersburg. 
Fla. Much of his work is done at the 
Protestant Radio and Television Cen- 
ter in Atlanta. Georgia, known as the 

The President of the PRTVC. Dr. 
Ernest J. Arnold, often refers to this 
missionary as "a young man.'* Rus- 
sell is 93 and his years have given him 
wisdom, but he still observes the 
world with a keen eye and analyzes 
what he sees with an alert mind and 
goes to his tasks with unquenchable 
zeal. He is truly a young man. 

OX April 4. 1969. on his 93rd birth- 
day friends and associates gath- 
ered at the PRTVC to celebrate his 
latest success. Submarine Chaplain 
Guy Leonard of the U.S. Atlantic 
Fleet came from Charleston. S. C. 
to represent the Navy. He brought the 
order from Chief of Chaplains James 
W. Kelly making Harlow M. Russell 
an Honorary Chaplain in the U. S. 
Navy. Vice Admiral A. F. Schade. 
commander of the Submarine Force 
in the Atlantic Fleet, sent a citation 
and a plaque. 

How did this man so honored 


launch a new career 21 years ago when 
he was already past retirement? Op- 
portunities often come in life. Some- 
times they are called accidents: some- 
times they are seen as the hand of God. 
Accidents'? Hand of God? Coincidence? 
Who knows? Whichever, by accident or 
by divine intervention, a hobby and 
the church were mixed together and 
we have Harlow M. Russell's mis- 
sionary career. 

For many years this man's hobby 
has been electronic voice transmis- 
sion. In 1948 he retired, left his busi- 
ness behind and traveled to Florida 
for the winter. He settled in St. 
Petersburg and on Sunday he went 
to church. He chose the Pasadena 
Community Church where a fine 
preacher. Dr. William Hamilton, was 
pastor. He found the church filled 
and overflowing: however, enter- 
prising laymen had installed loud- 
speakers in the parking lot so none 
would be turned away. This acci- 
dential choice of a drive-in church 
provided the opportunity for Russell 
to combine his hobby with a church 
mission. Being able to use his wire 
recorder without either being dis- 
turbed or disturbing others, he made 
recordings of Dr. Hamilton's sermons 
to share with friends back in Maine. 

This wasn't a great missionary ef- 
fort, but an electronic gadget was 
now related to the church and more 
opportunities were to follow. In 1950 
the tape recorder was put on the mar- 
ket: this was a better machine than 
the wire recorder and was easier to 
operate. Since almost anyone could 
operate the new machine, its intro- 
duction was the opportunity for this 
alert man to enlarge his missionary 
hobby. He began buying recorders 
and tapes. He pre-recorded tapes with 


sermons from Dr. Hamilton and other 
inspiring preachers and began giving 
both to shut-ins. Dr. Ernest J. Ar- 
nold said, "Not even the Internal 
Revenue Service can begin to reveal 
just how many have been left through 
the years. Indeed they are scattered 
up and down the Atlantic seacoast, 
through the midwest, to the far west 
and across many oceans." 

Now this man turned his hobby into 
a full-blown institution for spreading 
the Gospel by use of electronic means. 
With friends in Maine he established 
Sermons and Pictures, Inc. 

At the same time Mr. Russell was 
moving into his missionary career a 
similar institution was developing in 
Atlanta, Georgia. The Georgia de- 
velopment was trying to use elec- 
tronic transmission to spread the 
gospel too and was called the Protes- 
tant Radio and Television Center. 

The story of how the two seeking 
the same ends came together is 
another of those accidents or inci- 
dents called the Hand of God. When 
this alert "young" man, happened to 
hear the Protestant Hour one Sunday 
morning (The Protestant Hour is a 
broadcast production of the PRTVC) 
he investigated and discovered its 
source. One day in April, 1958, en 
route from Florida to Maine, he 
stopped in Atlanta to visit the Cen- 
ter. When this man with a hobby 
turned missionary left the PRTVC 
that day, he remarked, "If there is 
anything I can do, let me know." Dr. 
Arnold soon sent out a call for help. 
From that day to this every phase of 
the PRTVC's work, says Dr. Arnold, 
has been supported and strengthened 
by the personal concern and financial 
gifts of Harlow Russell. 

When Russell joined forces with 

the PRTVC his first endeavor was 
to supervise and finance the instal- 
lation of high speed duplication 
equipment in the Center. This ma- 
chine which is capable of reproducing 
10 hours of listening material on 
five reels of tape in 15 minutes now 
is used to supply tapes in every part 
of the world. 

Why all these tapes going all over the 
world? At a seminary on the Fiji 
Islands there is no opportunity to 
receive the inspiration of a lecture by 
a world-renowned theologian. The- 
ological schools, especially those in 
remote areas, have until the present 
remained back in the "Gutenberg 
Era." Only the printed word has been 
available. Now, however, in this elec- 
tronic age sound and personality can 
be conveyed by recordings that bring 
much more than the written word. 
These tapes bring the voices and in- 
flections of the great thinkers to mis- 
sionaries, ministers, seminaries, and 
other church-related institutions in 
every part of the world. 

THIS ingenious man's recent ac- 
complishment, before developing 
the Chaplain's Kit, was the intro- 
duction of video tape techniques into 
schools training ministerial students. 
This use of on-the-spot sight and 
sound 1o learn the art of personal 
communication went through a six 
year experimental period in Atlanta's 
three seminaries before 1968. The pro- 
ject like all others is now spread 
through the country and even into 
other parts of the world. 

It has pleased the Lord to use this 
man with a hobby, who was al- 
ready past the three-score-and-ten 
mark when he started. 

Dr. Arnold described Harlow M. 

December 1969 


Russell's help in fulfilling many of the 
PRTVCs dreams for electronic trans- 
mission of the gospel of Christ in 
these words: 

In March, 1876, the world experienced 
its first historical breakthrough in voice 
transmission. It was then that Alex- 
ander Graham Bell sent the first mes- 
sage, "Mr. Watson, Come here; I want 

In that same March, 1876, Harlow 
M. Russell was born. During these in- 

tervening years man has perfected rev- 
olutionary changes in the tools of 
communication to the point of instant 
global sight and sound. For the church 
to make better use of these new tools 
of communication of our faith, the 
PRTVC needed the stimulus of a unique 
pioneer. Looking backwards, it is as if 
we had said in 1958, "Mr. Russell, 
come here; we need you." 

Today we salute you, Harlow M. Rus- 
sell, for thrilling us as we face the chal- 
lenges and opportunities of tomorrow. 


Some of conferees and faculty of the Fourth Annual Judson Writers and 
Artists' Workshop held at Judson College, July 27-August 2, 1969. Seated 2nd 
from left, Miss Irene Murray, Assistant Editor, THE LINK and THE 
CHAPLAIN; 6th from left, Dr. Lawrence P. Fitzgerald, Editor, THE LINK; 
Managing Editor, THE CHAPLAIN. 



The Rev. Donald Crawford Beat- 
ty, 71, retired assistant director of 
the VA Chaplaincy Service, and a 
native of Pittsburgh, Pa., died on 
June 21, 1969, at George Washington 
University Hospital, Washington, 
D. C, after a heart attack. 

Chaplain Beatty attended Mount 
Union College in Alliance, Ohio, and 
Boston University School of Theol- 
ogy. He did graduate work in Psy- 
chopathology at Harvard Medical 
College, and was one of the pio- 
neers of clinical training for theolog- 
ical students. 

Dr. Beatty was ordained in the 
Methodist New England Conference 
in 1927. From 1925 to 1927 he served 
as assistant pastor of St. Mark's 
Church in Brookline, Mass., and 
From 1927 to 1929 he was chaplain 
of Worcester (Mass.) State Hospital. 
He also had been chaplain of the 
Pittsburgh City Home and Hospi- 
tals; and Elgin State Hospital, El- 
gin, 111. 

During WW II, Dr. Beatty served 
with the Army Air Corps at Atlan- 

tic City, N. J., and Mitchell Field, 

He came to Washington in 1946 
and was named assistant director 
of the Veterans Administration 
Chaplaincy Service in April 1950. He 
held the post until he retired in 1965. 

Besides his wife, Grace, he leaves 
a sister, Mrs. Harold Hill, of Jack- 
sonville, Fla., and a brother, Wm. 
W. Beatty, of Hickory Rock, Pa. 

December 1969 



Beatle fans, an Army chaplain, a 
bicycle, and a little girl are the 
ingredients for a touching project 
in human concern. 

A Beatle Fan Club in Collegeville, 
Pa., sponsor a 7-year-old Thai girl 
by the name of Prapi Tapunoi. She 
lives with her father at the McKean 
Leprosy Hospital in Chieng Mai, 
Thailand. She has to live at McLean 
because Thailanders do not under- 
stand the disease of leprosy and 
keep even those cured isolated. 

The Beatle fans wanted to buy 
Prapi a bicycle so they contacted 

Prapi lives with her father near 
the hospital grounds. He was a vic- 
tim of leprosy but has been cured. 
But he still has to live at McKean 
for the townspeople will not as- 
sociate with leprosy patients. 

7-year-old Prapi Tapunois gives 
the traditional Thai greeting, the 
wai, to her American sponsors. 

Chaplain Hutchins at Valley Forge 
General Hospital. He in turn con- 
tacted Chaplain Willers in Thailand. 
Willers lost no time in buying the 
bicycle and delighting the heart 
of the little girl. The Beatle fans 
had sent $30, but the bicycle did not 
cost that much; so Willers added a 
new dress and donated the remain- 
der of the money to the hospital to 
support their vital work. 

The hospital, operated by the 
Church of Christ, serves a large 
rural area in Northern Thailand 
fighting leprosy. 


Prapi has a smile of delight on 
receiving the bicycle as a gift from 
the George Harrison Fan Club in 
Collegeville, Pa. Ch (LTC) Ralph 
K. Willers acted as the messenger 
to accomplish the wish of the Fan 
club. Willers is staff chaplain, U. S. 
Army Support (Thailand). 

The main gate and bridge of the 
McKean Leprosy Hospital leads to 
the 140-acre island outside of Chiang 
Mai that contains treatment facilities 
for over 650 patients. 

The Well Children's School operated by the McKean Hospital. Prapi 
attends classes in this neat, well-equipped facility which was con- 
structed with contributions from the 1960 Mardi Gras. 






Vietnamese students served typical 
Vietnamese food to the families at- 
tending Sunday Night at the Chapel. 

Vietnam came to McClellan Air 
Force Base last May 18. Over 200 
people ate, lived, and were enter- 
tained in typical Vietnamese fash- 
ion. It was as though the whole 
auditorium was suddenly trans- 
ported to a banquet hall in South 

The monthly Protestant Sunday 
Night at the Chapel (SNAC) at 
McClellan was given over to the 
South East Asia Education Founda- 
tion for the Vietnam Night Program. 

Over 30 Vietnamese students from 
Sacramento State College, working 
with the South East Asia Founda- 
tion, prepared the authentic Vietna- 
mese meal and entertained the as- 
sembly with their native songs, cos- 
tumes, drama, and dances. 

Installation Chaplain, David K. 
Shelton, stated: "We had one of the 
most enjoyable SNAC nights of the 
year. The meal was delicious, the 
music and drama were outstanding; 
and the fellowship with the Sacra- 
mento community will be of lasting 

Here students serve the head table 
(L to R): Mr. and Mrs. Robt. Kelly 
(Vice-President of Kelly Broad- 
casting Co., Sacramento); Ch and 
Mrs. David A. Shelton (Installation 
Chaplain, McClellan AFB); Mr. 
and Mrs. George Artz (Prominent 
Sacramento Atty, President of Al- 
can-Pacific Co. and member of 
Board of Regents, Santa Clara 



Grand Finale, Vietnamese Night, 
with the students from Sacramento 
State College singing "Vietnam, 
Vietnam," one of the best loved 
Vietnamese compositions. Leading 
the group is their director and com- 
poser, Professor Hai Linh. 

Three Vietnamese students from 
Sacramento State College presenting 
Kich Coi, a brief skit in which the 
participants use nothing but whis- 
tles and facial expressions to com- 
municate feelings and ideas. 

Vietnamese students from Sacramento State College performing native 
dances to the tune of "Vu-Khuc Quay To," a Vietnamese rural weaving 


The new Rear Admiral Selectee 
for the Navy Chaplain Corps is a 
United Methodist minister who has a 
service reputation as an outstanding 
preacher and as one deeply com- 
mitted to the pastoral ministry. 
CAPT Francis L. Garrett, 50, was 
chosen as the admiral selectee from 
among 64 chaplains who were con- 
sidered for promotion. He is expected 
to assume the new rank in 1970. 

There are presently two rear ad- 
mirals on active duty in the 1,100 
man Chaplain Corps: James W. Kel- 
ly, Navy Chief of Chaplains, a 
Southern Baptist clergyman, and 
Henry J. Rotrige, Fleet Chaplain, 
U. S. Pacific Fleet, a Roman Cath- 
olic priest. 

Chaplain Garrett joined the Naval 
chaplaincy 25 years ago after grad- 


uating from Candler School of The- 
ology, Emory University. He has 
served on continuous active duty 
since that time. 

Chaplain Garrett has served on 
sea and land all over the world. He 
is married to the former Jean Nixon 
Patrick of White Oak, S. C. They 
have three children. 


new faces have appeared on the 
scene at the Army Combat Develop- 
ments Experimentation Command's 
4th St. Chapel. They are Ch (MA J) 
Ermine Todd (left); Ch (CAPT) 
Sigmund W. Boegl (right). Staff 
Chaplain (LTC) Sams is shown at 
center referring to the Fort Ord 


During a ceremony at Parris Island, 
S. C, June 9, 1969, MG O. F. Peat- 
ross, Depot CG, presented a combat 
decoration for service in Vietnam to 
Chaplain (LT) Ray W. Stubbe. As 
Chaplain Stubbe received the Bronze 
Star Medal with combat "V," MG 
Peatross commended him for a mis- 
sion well done. 

During the past summer most beautiful and unusual church services were 
held at the historic Hacienda on Hunter Liggett Military Reservation, 
field laboratory of the Army Combat Developments Command Experi- 
mentation Command, which is headquartered at Fort Ord. Shown here 
is a Sunday service with Chaplain (MAJ) Ermine Todd officiating. 


ill i ti&'ltu 

A lasting memorial was dedicated 
last June to the 34 USS Liberty men 
who lost their lives June 8, 1967, un- 
der a mistaken attack by the Israeli 
forces. In a cermony occurring on 
the second anniversary of their 
deaths, a 25-bell carillon was pre- 
sented to the Catholic, Jewish, and 
Protestant chapels of the U. S. Naval 
Station, Norfolk, Va. 

A Navy color guard awaits the mo- 
ment to enter the chapel and partici- 
pate in dedicating the USS Liberty 
Memorial Carillon. 

m m 

CAPT William L. McGonagle and 
Chaplain David M. Humphreys hold 
a memento of the dedication service 
for the USS Liberty Memorial Ca- 


A ^ 


Chaplain (COL) E. J. Saunders, 
Staff Chaplain for the U. S. Con- 
tinental Army Command, was host 
to more than 80 Virginia Peninsula 
clergy in a Clergy Day observance 
at the headquarters, Fort Monroe, 

Chaplain (COL) E. J. Saunders 
(right) chats during coffee hour with 
Father George Kelly (left) of St. 
Joseph's Catholic Church, Hampton, 
Va. and the Rev. Harry Copley, 
pastor of the Calvary Methodist 
Church of Newport News, Va. (cen- 

Chaplain (COL) E. J. Saunders, center, Staff Chaplain for the U. S. 
Continental Army Command, talks with members of the Hampton Roads 
Ministers Alliance (L to R): the Rev. Seymour J. Gains, pastor of the 
First Baptist Church, of Hampton, Va.; the Rev. J. Dett Marshburn, 
pastor of the Zion Baptist Church; the Rev. Joseph Wynder, associate pastor of 
Zion Baptist Church. Ch (COL) John W. Handy, CONARC'S deputy staff 
chaplain, is at the right. 

has served overseas in Korea, Ja- 
pan, and Germany and spent four 
years in the Office of the Chief of 
Chaplains at the Pentagon. 

He was post chaplain at Ft. Meade 
for three years before assuming 
duties as the First Army Chaplain 
July, 1968. 



Chaplain (COL) Frederick O. 
Hunt, Jr., a Missouri native, has re- 
ceived the Legion of Merit for out- 
standing meritorious service at 
Hq. First Army, Ft. Meade, Md. 
Chaplain Hunt is now in Vietnam. 

The son of Dr. and Mrs. Frederick 
O. Hunt, Sr., 935 Cozy St., Spring- 
field, Mo., he first entered the Army 
as an enlisted man in 1942. He was 
commissioned a 2 Lt. upon gradua- 
tion from OCS and served as an en- 
gineer officer during the remainder 
of WWII. 

In 1946 he resigned from active 
military service to follow a voca- 
tion in the ministry and four years 
later received his BD from Boston 
University's Theological Seminary. 

Chaplain Hunt reentered the Army 
in 1951, this time as a chaplain. He 

f jA 


Rear Admiral James B. Osborn, 
Commander Submarine Flotilla SLX, 
presented the POLARIS Patrol in- 
signia to Chaplain Guy Leonard, 
Force Chaplain, Submarine Force, 
U. S. Atlantic Fleet, in ceremonies 
on board the Polaris Submarine USS 
Sam Rayburn, the 7th of June 1969. 
Chaplain Leonard was the first 
Navy Chaplain to make a deterrent 



important assignments in the Air 
Force. He has been appointed Do- 
mestic Prelate in the Catholic Church 
with the title of Right Reverend 


Before being reassigned to Torre- 
jon AFB, Spain, Chaplain (COL) 
John F. Denehy, commandant then 
of Air University's Air Force Chap- 
lain School at Maxwell AFB, Ala., 
was awarded the Legion of Merit 
during parade ceremonies. LTG A. P. 
Clark, Air University Commander, 
bestowed the Merit. 

A native of Fall River, Mass., 
Chaplain Denehy began his college 
education at Holy Cross College; 
then attended St. Mary's Seminary 
in Baltimore; and later the Theolog- 
ical College of Catholic U., Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

Ordained a Catholic priest in 
Sept, 1945 for the Diocese of Fall 
River, Chaplain Denehy served as 
assistant pastor in several churches 
before receiving his commission as 
an Air Force 1st Lt in Nov. 1950. 

Chaplain Denehy has held many 

Chaplain Stroyen (right), now at 
Lackland AFB, was awarded a 
third Commendation Medal for dis- 
tinguished service while assigned to 
Hickam AFB, Honolulu, Hawaii, 
from 27 Jan 1966 to 31 Oct. 1968. 
The center chaplain at Lackland, 
Ch (COL) Wesley J. Buck congratu- 
lates Chaplain Stroyen. Father 
Stroyen made many contributions 
lo Hickam, among these editorship 
of The Hickam Herald and the auth- 
orship of a valuable study, The Rus- 
sian Orthodox Church in the Soviet 
Union, 1943-1963. 

December 1969 


Professor Herman Sacon, shown 
here with Mrs. Sacon in front of their 
home in Tokyo suburb of Mitaka, 
is senior faculty member at Tokyo 
Union Theological Seminary. 

Professor Sacon reports that the 
Seminary now has 185 students en- 
rolled. Last year the school gradu- 
ated 26 ministers of the Gospel. 

For a number of years Professor 
Sacon has administered the Chap- 
lain Ivan L. Bennett Scholarship 
Fund at the Seminary. An impressive 
list of students has been assisted 
by the Fund to which many U. S. 
military chapel congregations have 
contributed. Additional contribu- 
lions will strengthen Christian work 
in Japan and all of Asia. 

Chaplain (LTC) Raymond Pritz 
(right) is presented the Meritorious 
Service Medal by Chaplain (COL) 
John F. Denehy, commandant of 
Air University's Air Force Chaplain 
School. Chaplain Pritz was awarded 
the decoration for distinguished ser- 
vice as deputy commandant, curri- 
culum coordinator, and instructor 
for the Chaplain School. 


The Rev. Ingmar Gallno, the chap- 
lain of the Scandinavian Seaman's 
Mission in San Francisco, reports 
a busy schedule for the past year. He 
is shown here (right) counseling a 

The mission was in contact with 
2,375 personnel from 792 ships, and 
mission staff made 2,099 visits to the 
vessels. A total of more than 5,000 
pieces of mail were handled and 
several hundred activities were ar- 
ranged for visiting seamen. The mis- 
sion house is at 2128— 15th St., San 
Francisco 94114. 

Chaplain (COL) Roy M. Terry 
(left), deputy chief of Air Force 
Chaplains, visits with LTG James 
V. Edmundson, PACAF vice com- 
mander in Chief. Ch Terry stopped 
at Hickam AFB after completing a 
tour of PACAF installations through- 
out the Pacific. 

Chaplain (LTC) J. V. Coleman, Dep- 
uty Staff Chaplain, USA Material 
Command, was recently promoted to 
Colonel. Here he is shown receiving 
his Eagle from MG R. C. Forbes, 
Acting Chief of Staff, USA Mat. 
Command. Chaplain Coleman's 
family looks on happily. 

GEN Barksdale Hamlett, USA Re- 
tired, President, Norwich Univer- 
sity, presented the Honorary De- 
gree of Doctor of Humane Letters 
to Ch (MG) Francis L. Sampson, 
Chief of Army Chaplains, at the 
commencement exercises on 8 June 
1969 during which Ch Sampson gave 
the Baccalaureate address. 
December 1969 

Chaplain (COL) James A. Skelton, 
former Post Chaplain, Fort Bragg, 
receives Meritorious Service Medal 
from XVIII Airborne and Ft. Bragg 
Commander, LTG John J. Tolson 
(left). Chaplain Skelton's wife, Eliza- 
beth, watches the presentation. 



On June 29, 1969, at the 10:00 AM. 
Sunday worship services, the GCC 
Appreciation Certificate was pre- 
sented to SDCM and Mrs. Harry 
B. Hunter and his family at the 
David Adams Memorial Chapel, 
Norfolk, Va. The Hunters have 
served this chapel for nine years 
and each member has been an active 
participant, teaching Sunday School, 
playing the piano, ushering, and 
always ready to perform any task 
assigned. Chaplains Stroman and 
Humphreys stand with the Hunter 


Thursday, July 3, 1969, was Chaplain 
Lester E. Burnette's Day at Valley 
Forge, General Hospital, Phoenix- 
ville, Pa. On that day the Chaplain 
was playing golf and shot a hole- 
in-one at Hole 2, using an 8 iron. 
Then at 2:00 P.M., the chaplain 
was promoted to full Colonel. Shown 
is COL Thomas L. Robbins and 
Mrs. Burnette pinning on the eagles. 

Staff Sergeant Paul Lukich (center) 
of the 5th AF staff chaplain's of- 
fice, has been selected as the NCO of 
the Year for 1968 from among his 
peers of the 6000th Spt. Sq. Hq. 
5th AF, Fuchu Air Sta., Japan. On 
May 6, 1969, COL Marshall R. Gra- 
ham, presented Sgt. Lukich with an 
executive desk set as his associates 
look on. Left is Ch (COL) Paul G. 
Schade, Staff Chaplain. 


Chaplain (COL) Ashley D. Jameson, 
PACAF Command Chaplain, pre- 
sents GEN Joseph J. Nazzaro, Com- 
mander in Chief, with a paperweight 
designed as a symbol of the com- 
mand chaplaincy's rededication 
theme. For the fiscal year Air Force 
chaplains have adopted the theme: 
"The Total Pastoral Ministry— Em- 
phasis '70," stressing the chaplain's 
responsibility to the Air Force com- 

BREMERHAVEN, Gy.— Mrs. Marge 
Wolff, Secy, and Translator for the 
Post Chaplain, USA Terminal Com- 
mand, Europe (USATCEUR), re- 
ceives a Sustained Superior Per- 
formance Award from Ch (LTC) 
Frederick H. Hoffman (left), Post 
Chaplain. Standing by is Ch (CAPT) 
R. M. Budniak, Cath Chaplain. Mrs. 
Wolff has been working for the US 
Forces in Bremerhaven for the past 
18 years. 

USARPAC: Command Chaplains Conference, 6-8 May, 1969 
Front Row (L to R): Ch (COL) Gerard J. GefeU, Staff Ch. USARV; Ch 
(COL) Chester R. Lindsey, Comd Ch, USARPAC; LTG Michael S. 
Davison, Dep. CINCUSARPAC; Ch (BG) Ned R. Graves, Dep Chief 
of Chaplains, DA; Ch (COL) Charles J. Murphy, Staff Ch, USARYIS; 
Ch (COL) David M. Reardon, Staff Ch, USAEIGHT. Back Row (L to R): 
Ch (COL) Arthur J. Estes, Staff Ch, USARJ; Ch (COL) Charles M. 
Massey, Staff Ch, USARSUPTHAI; Ch (LTC) Francis X. Leonard, 
Dep. Comd Ch, USARPAC; Ch (COL) Charles A. Goss, Staff Ch, 
USARHAW; Ch (LTC) Harold A. Clarke, Post Ch, TAMC. 

Saint J. D. by James Cole & Robert 
Lee, Word Books, 1969. 163 pp. $3.95. 

A rollicking good biography of the 
colorful and highly effective pastor, J. D. 
Grey, of New Orleans' historic First 
Baptist Church, a giant influence in his 
city and denomination for more than 
thirty years. 

A Is for Advent by Charles W. Fergu- 
son, Little, Brown & Co., 1968. 149 pp. 

An attractive gift item for anyone who 
loves to mull over the origin and meaning 
of religious words. 

The Ministers Manual — 1970. Edited by 
Charles L. Wallis. Harper & Row. 
1969. 341 pp. $4.95. 

The forty-fifth edition of this manual 
continues a helpful tradition. It provides 
grist for the mill, water to prime the 
pump, and ideas to add extra dimension 
to sermon and worship. 

Okinawa: A People and Their Gods by 

James C. Robinson, Charles E. Tuttle 
Co.. (Rutland, Vt.), 1969. 110 pp. $3.75. 
Chaplain Robinson has written a very 
readable and interesting introduction to 
the religious life and influences of the 
Okinawans. His study includes a listing 
of shrines and temples, a glossary, and a 
bibliography. An excellent little book for 
military personnel who have been or may 
be assigned to Okinawa for a tour of duty. 

An Introduction to Religious Counseling 

by Richard P. Vaughn, S. J., Prentice- 
Hall, 1969. 164 pp. $5.95. 

A very readable and helpful summary 
of the distinctions between religious 
counseling and other types of guidance, 
advice, and therapy. 

The Roots of American Foreign Policy by 

Gabriel Kolko. Beacon Press, 1969. 
166 pp. $5.95. 

The author makes an interesting case 
for the military as being in a subordinate 
position in U. S. society, functioning as 
a relatively passive instrument in the hands 
of big business, banking, and dominant 
U. S. law firms. He is dogmatically op- 
posed to the Vietnam involvement as an 
extension by the U. S. of the Cold War 
into Asia. He says, "It had become a tradi- 
tion in the Cold War for Presidents to 
marshal support from Congress by creat- 
ing crises . . ." When one thinks of the 
circumstances of Hungary, Berlin, Suez, 
Czechoslovakia, and other crises in the 
light of the above statement the author's 
scholarship slips a bit. 

When Fires Burn. Edited by Wilson O. 
Weldon. Upper Room. 1969. 70 pp.— 
SI. 00. 

A small book about the enduring im- 
portance of cultivating the devotional life. 

Nine writers share something real and 
genuine from their lives in When Fires 
Burn. They are a world-famous evangelist, 



a bishop, an inter-denominational in- 
terpreter, a seminary president, two pro- 
fessors, two pastors, and Dr. Weldon. 

Contributors from the United States and 
Scotland include the Rev. George A. 
Buttrick, Professor, Garrett Theological 
Seminary, Evanston, Illinois; Bishop 
Gerald A. Kennedy, The United Method- 
ist Church, Los Angeles; The Rev. Dr. 
Oral Roberts, Evangelist, Tulsa, Okla- 

To Build A Church by John E. Morse, 
Holt, Rinehart, Winston. 1969. 169 pp. 


A careful and detailed look at the 
problems and opportunities involved in 
building a church edifice. The author, a 
lawyer, was formerly chairman of Church 
Planning and Architecture, National 
Council of Churches. Few chaplains com- 
plete their careers in the military without 
some responsibility for chapel construction 
or expansion. This book is an excellent 
place to begin such a project. 

Interpreting the Gospels by R. C. Briggs. 

Abingdon Press. 188 pp. $4.50. 

This book provides an introduction to 
the basic perspectives and tools of the 
historical-critical methodology. It focuses 
on the first three Gospels but supplies 
background for studying the entire New 
Testament. Dr. Briggs explains the tech- 
niques of New Testament research — 
textual criticism, source criticism, form 
criticism, and redaction criticism. This 
leads to a study of the history of the 
canon; the historical bases of New Testa- 
ment faith; the unity and authority of the 
Bible; etc. 

Tomorrow's Christian by Ed Marciniak. 
Pflaum Press. 189 pp. $5.95. 

This is a hard-hitting book by a layman 
(the author does not like that word) who 
feels that the clergyman activist has played 
too great a role in the church's thrust into 
the modern world. But this does not mean 
that the author wants the church to stay 
out of social action; but he wants the 

clergymen to give way to the "professional 
insider." The Christian message in the 
late twentieth century will be heard in 
legislatures from legislators, real estate 
boards from realtors, and urban renewal 
projects from city planners. 

Bible Truth and Modern Man by Bruce 
D. Rahtjen. Abingdon Press. 1968. 143 

pp. $1.75. 

Contemporary man faces the dilemma 
of how to place the Bible in the context 
of modern life in a meaningful way. Dr. 
Rahtjen helps laymen approach the prob- 
lem by tracing the historical development 
of biblical material and considering 
specific questions. Discussions, including 
examples from daily life, deal with the 
relationship of the Bible to science, the 
interpretation of the miracle stories, and 
the difference between the "factualness" 
and meaning of a story. 

No Cowards in the Kingdom by E. J. 

Cuskelly. Pflaum Press. 1969. 174 pp. 

This is a helpful devotional book on 
realizing the spiritual life in this day of 
turmoil. It presents a positive Christianity, 
emphasizing the fact that it takes a mature 
and courageous man to remain serene and 
objective in today's world. "The mind of 
the modern Christian and the action of 
the modern Christian are linked intimately 
with the prayer of the modern Christian." 
So there is the key — prayer. And if the 
Christian misses prayer he fails. If he leans 
on prayer he will become a dynamic 

The Road to War by Walter Laqueur. 
Penguin Books. 1969. 456 pp. $1.75. 

This is a well-documented account of 
the main milestones on the road that led 
to the Six-Day War — and beyond. The 
author concentrates on the mounting 
tension and feverish diplomacy which pre- 
ceded the outbreak of the Arab-Israeli 
war; but also on the underlying cause 
of the war — the clash of rival irreconcil- 
able nationalism. 

December 1969 


The Democratic Roosevelt by Rexford 
G. Tlgwell. Penguin Books. 1969. 712 
pp. S2.95. 

In this book the author has combined 
a wealth of penetrating research into the 
private, little-known areas of Roosevelt's 
childhood, education, career training, and 
family life with a firsthand knowledge of 
the Roosevelt administration and the 
eventful years during which Roosevelt as- 
sumed leadership both at home and 
abroad. The result is a fascinating biog- 

Happy Christmas. Edited by William 
Kean Seymour and John Smith. West- 
minster Press. 1968. 256 pp. $5.95. 

A beautiful and impressive anthology 
of Christmas pieces— poetry and prose, 
carols, anecdotes, menus, recipes and 
descriptions of Christmas fare. All with 
dramatic illustrations. Arranged in four 
sections: "Before the Feast," "Christmas 
Eve," "Christmas Day," and "After the 

Getting Ready for Christmas by David A. 
Wolber. Augsburg Publishing House. 
1969. 62 pp. $1.95. 

Sermons for Advent based on Old 
Testament texts. The author cuts through 
the superficialities of Christmas festivities 
to expose the beating heart of the true 
message of this season. There are four 
chapters — "Getting Ready for the Bar- 
gain of It**: "Getting Ready for the 
Strangeness of It"; "Getting Ready for 
the Changes of It"; "Getting Ready for 
the Humanness of It"" — and an appen- 
dix on "What Christmas Is About." 

Customs and Culture of Vietnam by Ann 

Caddell Crawford. Charles E. Tuttle 
Co. 8th printing- 1968. 259 pp. $3.95. 

A concise, information-packed hand- 
book on the history and culture of Viet- 
nam written by the wife of a U. S. Army 
officer. Mrs. Crawford traveled through- 
out the country gathering information as 


a free-lance writer and photographer. 
Vietnam, of course, is changing but 
the main facts here presented are perma- 

A Parent's Handbook on Adolescence by 

John L. Schimel, M. D. World Publish- 
ing Co. 1969. 211pp. $5.95. 

A most helpful handbook for parents 
of teen-agers. There are no easy solutions 
to the problems of adolescence; but Dr. 
Schimel does a remarkably good job show- 
ing parents how to bridge the generation 
gap and keep the lines of communication 
open between them and their youth. He 
insists that the most important gift parents 
give to their children is not love but free- 
dom. They must become free but they 
must know how to use this freedom re- 

Ireland by Oliver MacDonagh. Prentice- 
Hall, Inc. 1968. 146 pp. $4.95. 

An absorbing chronicle of Ireland's 
emergence and development as a nation 
in the modern world. 

Happiness is Still Home Made by T. 

Cecil Myers. Word Books. 1969. 127 pp. 

Convinced that a "good family is the 
nation's greatest asset," and that success- 
ful marriages do not just happen, Cecil 
Myers writes a good book about creative 
home life. It is a helpful guide to personal 
growth and maturity and may be used 
effectively in group discussions and in 
family life conferences. 

Strong Men Armed by Robert Leckie. 
Ballantine Books. 1969. 568 pp. 95 cents. 
A fine story of the marine corps' role 
in the war against Japan. The New York 
Times says: "A magnificent epic of Ameri- 
can courage." 

Civil Disobedience and the Christian by 

Daniel B. Stevick. The Seabury Press. 
1969. 211pp. $6.95. 

"This book is an inquiry into the re- 
lation between Christian obedience and 
responsible civil disobedience." — From 


the Preface. Daniel Stevick has given us 
the only comprehensive study of the issue 
of civil disobedience which has been 
written from the standpoint of Christian 
history and ethics and in light of the 
tradition of civil disobedience in Ameri- 
can culture. Both sides of civil disobedi- 
ence are presented— pro and con. The 
chapter on "The Conditions of Respon- 
sible Disobedience" is especially good as 
the author states "A Christian breaking 
of a law must be in the name of law" 
(p. 104); "a Christian would enter on a 
course of civil disobedience after all other 
ways short of that extremity has been 
tried and found ineffective" (p. 106); an act 
of civil disobedience "ought to identify its 
specific aim" (p. 108). 

My Family: How Shall I Live with It? 

by George and Nikki Koehler. Rand 
McNally & Co. 1968. 124 pp. $3.95. 

A book for boys and girls written by a 
father-daughter team. It shows how family 
life can be stimulating and exciting — an 
experience that helps the young person 
develop his or her own personality to the 

Mark the Evangelist by Willi Marxsen. 
Translated by Roy A. Harrisville. 
Abingdon Press. 1969. 222 pp. $5.50. 

By using Redaction History, Dr. Marxsen 
concludes that Mark is more than a collec- 
tor of stories about Jesus, more than a 
reporter, but is a writer-editor with a 
distinct theological viewpoint and purpose. 
His Gospel is, according to Marxsen, 
an extended sermon on the death of Jesus. 

Balancing the Christian Life by Charles 
Caldwell Ryrie. Moody Press. 1969. 
191pp. $3.95. 

According to the author, the thesis of 
this book is: "Genuine and wholesome 
spirituality is the goal of all Christian 
living." The balanced life is one that is 
mature — one that is guided by the Holy 
Spirit— and one that is actively dedicated 
to Jesus Christ. The spiritual life is one 
that is dedicated, disciplined, dependent, 

and developing. 

American Catholics and Social Reforms 

by David J. O'Brien. Oxford University 
Press. 1968. 287 pp. $6.50. 

Catholic social thought is analyzed and 
evaluated; major themes are isolated; the 
standards of papal leadership are set forth. 
Then Professor O'Brien turns to the 
American situation and analyzes Catholic 
response to the New Deal and to the rise 
of the C. I. O. Next he examines the 
thought of John A. Ryan and the spokes- 
men for the Social Action Department 
of the National Catholic Welfare Con- 
ference, of Father Charles E. Coughlin, 
and of the "radical" Catholics led by the 
founders of the Catholic Worker move- 

The effort made by Catholics in the 
1930s to respond creatively to the prob- 
lems of the day, the author finds, con- 
tributed significantly to the maturity of 
American Catholic opinion. 

For Laymen and Other Martyrs by 

Gerald Kennedy. Harper & Row. 1969. 
122 pp. $3.95. 

Through his witty insight and brilliant 
pen, Bishop Kennedy heaps words of 
praise on the laymen of the church— 
praise that is well-deserved. "You want to 
see a miracle?" he asks. "Look at a church 
where some are bright and some aren't, 
some are men and some are women, some 
are old and some are young, some are 
rich and some are poor, and they stay 
together and have amazingly few fights. 
I can only come to the conclusion that 
here is a martyr-band both in the active 
and the quiet sense. They witness and 
they suffer for their Lord, and I think it 
is the greatest thing in the world. This 
is saving fellowship." 

God and the Celebration of Life by 

Harvey H. Potthoff. Rand McNally. 
1969.293 pp. $6.95. 

In this age of skepticism, Dr. Potthoff, 
Professor of Christian Theology at The 
Iliff School of Theology, asks: How can 

December 1969 


man think of God? How can he speak of 
God? How can he respond to God? 

Out of a broad and active experience 
as a pastor and counselor, Dr. Potthoff 
offers in this book many practical sug- 
gestions for a faith for the present day. 
He faces major obstacles to belief in God, 
question traditional supernaturalism, and 
describes various ways of affirming life 
without God. He examines the language 
of faith and discusses four contemporary 
approaches toward affirming the reality 
of God. Finally, he suggests a fresh 
approach to God as Ground, Grace, 
and Goal, and presents a theology of 

The Reasonableness of Faith by Diogenes 
Allen. Corpus Publications. 1968. 140 
pp. S4.95. 

Dr. Allen's work continues the long tra- 
dition— "faith seeking understanding." 
His claim is that the satisfaction of some 
needs is a sound ground for the affirma- 
tion of religious beliefs. 

Ministering to Prisoners and Their 
Families by George C. Kandle and 
Henry H. Cassler. Prentice-Hall, Inc. 
1968. 140 pp. $3.95. 

The Rev. George C. Kandle, Protestant 
chaplain at Sing Sing, and Dr. Henry 
H. Cassler, a federal prison chaplain with 
almost 25 years of experience, collaborate 
in this book which is a part of The Suc- 
cessful Pastoral Counseling Series, Sug- 
gestions are given on how to establish a 
program for spiritual renewal that will 
lead to the prisoner's rehabilitation. 
Specific chapters deal with prison visits, 
counseling, comforting the family, and 
helping the released prisoner find his way 
back into the church and community. 
Also, the authors vividly describe the 
prisoner's private world of fear, doubt, 
resentment, and loneliness. 

The Atonement by F. R. Barry. Lippin- 
cott. 1968. 224 pp. S2.95. 

Another book in the series on Knowing 
Christianity. Man's desperate need and 


mortal peril lie in his estrangement. He 
needs reconciliation with God and with 
man. The atonement means reconciliation. 
This book, then, seeks to present what 
Christian theology has to say about the 
atonement. Man is a sinner and through 
the atonement of Jesus Christ we are 
brought into a new relationship with God, 
in which sin is overcome. 

Religion in the Year 2000 by Andrew M. 
Greeley. Sheed & Ward. 1969. 175 pp. 

Many people insist that religion has only 
a very short future. But Andrew Greeley 
questions the assumption that man is be- 
coming less religious. The church will go 
on and Greeley speculates what will be its 
shape in the year 2000 — its liturgy, its 
clergy, its churches. Dialogue between 
the theological Tories and the theological 
Whigs will still be going on. Liturgy will 
continue since liturgy deals with the 
sacred. Specialized clergy will increase 
in the year 2000, and there will be more 
women preachers. An interesting book. 

We Reach the Moon by John Noble 
Wilford. Bantam Books, Inc. 332 pp. 

Published four days after the splash- 
down of Apollo 11, this book has made 
publishing history (an "instant" publica- 
tion). The New York Times is co-publisher 
with Bantam; and John Noble Wilford, 
the author (or compiler), is the Times' 
top aerospace reporter. He has been cover- 
ing the space program since 1965. The 
book features 64 pages of color pictures 
(including Neil Armstrong's moon walk); 
excerpts from the astronauts' key con- 
versations with Mission Control; five full 
chapters on the Apollo astronauts, the 
preparations at Cape Kennedy, the four 
days to the moon, the landing, the lift-off, 
the rendezvous with the mother ship, 
splashdown and recovery, and an epilogue 
on its meaning. 

D Day, the Sixth of June 1944 by David 
Howarth. Pyramid Books. 5th Printing, 



1969. 256 pp. 75 cents. 

This is not a military textbook. Tens 
of thousands of men took part in the 
D Day invasion; but the author could 
choose only a few — to choose too many 
would make the story dull and repetitious. 
So he chose just over 30. The author 
states: "I have tried simply to give an 
impression of the experience of men who 
landed in the night and dawn of D Day — 
an impression of what it was like to be 
dropped from the sky on that morning, 
or pitched ashore from a landing craft on 
a hostile beach." 

Children — Choice or Chance by Karl 
Wrage, M.D. Fortress Press. 1969. 119 
pp. $2.95. 

This is a frank and extraordinarily help- 
ful manual on contraception. It is written 
by a medical doctor, and is full of 
practical advice for people who are 
concerned with the ethical, emotional, 
and technical problems involved in limit- 
ing and spacing the number of children 
in their family. Dean Haas of Wagner 
College says: "I know of no other book 
that has a theological frame of reference, 
yet deals in frank and detailed fashion 
with the methods of birth control." 

The Unused Cradle by Esther T. Barker. 
The Upper Room. 1969. 48 pp. $1.25 
each. Ten or more, $1.00 each. 

This book is written for boys and girls 
9-12 years, or to be read to smaller 
children. It has an unusual approach to 
the lovely old story of Jesus and Joseph 
in their home at Nazareth. 

The Five Ways by Anthony Kenny. 
Schocken Books. 1969. 131 pp. $4.95. 

A systematic study of the five ways by 
which Thomas Aquinas said that the ex- 
istence of God could be demonstrated. 
The arguments are evaluated critically to 
show what they establish and what they 
fail to establish. Generally today Aquinas' 
five steps are not accepted as valid proof 
of God yet anyone interested in religion 
and concerned for rationality in religious 

December 1969 

matters has good reason to examine the 
Five Ways with care. 

McLuhan; Pro and Con. Edited by 
Raymond Rosenthal. Penguin Books. 
1969. 308 pp. $1.45. 

A study, pro and con, of the most 
popular philosopher in the English- 
speaking world, the most famous intellec- 
tual to endorse whole-heartedly the new 
forms of communication that characterize 
this century. The editor says: "This book 
has been edited with the firm intention of 
presenting all sides of the McLuhan 
question, pro and con, together with all 
nuances in between, and with the equally 
firm belief that only this method can 
help readers to make up their minds — if 
they still have minds to make up." 

They Shall Take Up Serpents by WES- 
TON LA BARRE. Schocken Books. 208 

pp. $2.45. 

The snake-handling cult was founded 
in 1909 in Grasshopper Valley, Tenn. 
Believers take Mark 16:17-18 literally 
which says: 

And these signs shall follow them 
that believe: In my name shall they 
cast out devils; they shall speak 
with new tongues; They shall take 
up serpents: and if they drink any 
deadly thing, it shall not hurt 
them; they shall lay hands on the 
sick, and they shall recover. 

Although these extreme fundamenta- 
lists have been thrown in prison, fined, 
and numerous ones been bitten by snakes 
and have died, they continue to exist and 
to propagate their teachings. 

Dr. Weston La Barre, Professor of 
Anthropology at Duke University, in this 
book proves to be a historian, a scholar, 
a reporter, and a psychologist, as he 
analyzes this sect. Good reading. 

The Peyote Cult by WESTON LA 
BARRE. Schocken Books. 260 pp. $2.45. 

Peyote is a small, spineless, carrot- 
shaped cactus which when eaten causes 
sensory and psychic derangements which 


last about 24 hours. It is used among 
Mexican and American Indians in ritual 
observances and pilgrimages. Professor 
La Barre began his study of the Peyote 
cult in the summer of 1935. He parti- 
cipated in the rites of fifteen tribes. The 
original study has been supplemented by 
two essays that bring the account up to 

Peter Marshall's Lasting Prayers, with 
art work by JACK HAMM. Droke House. 
1969. 148 nn S3.95. 

A gift item. The manly, stirring prayers 
of the late Peter Marshall, Chaplain of the 
U. S. Senate. Both the pattern and spirit 
of Dr. Marshall's prayers are perennially 
instructive and encouraging. 

Susan by ROBBIE TRENT. Word 
Books. 152 pp. Word Book edition, 1969. 

A child's story book, beautifully told. 
To read about Susan is to think back to 
the time when grandmother was a little 
girl. Susan wore a bonnet and high but- 
toned boots and stiffly starched print 
dresses and white bibbed aprons with 
ruffles. Today's granddaughters will en- 
joy Susan's story and they will learn that 
little girls are very much alike whether 
they lived fifty years ago or live right now. 

A nice book to recommend to the ele- 
mentary girls. 

Schocken Books, Inc. 1969. 317 pp. 

Another book in the What They 
Really Said Series. This one originally 
appeared in German in 1967. For 50 
years since Mao Tse-tung began to 
make speeches he has tackled many 
problems of our age. Here is what he 
has really said with an interpretation 
by an authority. 


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Executive Staff, The General Commission on Chaplains and 
Armed Forces Personnel 

Left: Dr. A. Ray Appelquist, Executive Secretary 

Right: Dr. Lawrence P. Fitzgerald, Director, Department of Ministry to Armed 
Forces Personnel 


RICHARD T. FELLER is clerk of the works of Washington Cathedral. 

MERILYN THOMPSON is a Registered Nurse, conducted a chaplaincy 
in the Hospital for Sick Children from 1956 to 1962, is now a consultant 
to the current Church Nurse. She lives at Piscataway, N.J. 08854 

MERLE N. YOUNG (CPT), retired Navy chaplain, is Director of Ecu- 
menical Relations at Interpreters' House, Lake Junaluska, N.C. 

ROBERT F. HEMPHILL, USAF, (Ret), now lives in Japan and is a special 
lecturer at Tokyo Union Theological Seminary, Tokyo, Japan. 

ROY F. REYNOLDS is Director, Veterans Administration Chaplain 
School, St. Louis, Mo. 63125 

EDGAR F. WRIGHT is a freelance writer living at 10787 Wilshire Blvd., 
Los Angeles, Calif. 90024 

HARRY TISDALE is a freelance writer living at 617 Webster Drive, 
Decatur, Ga. 30033 

PHOTO CREDITS: pages 4, 6, Washington Cathedral; pages 28-32, 52-53, 
U.S. Army; pages 40-43, 51, Veterans Administration; pages 54-55, U.S. 
Air Force; pages 56-65, U.S. Air Force, U.S. Army, U.S. Navy. 

"The light shines in the darkness, 
and the darkness has never put it out." 
—John 1:5 (TEV) 



"1R*' ■ - J £~' - . 

zL*+\ •Jt 

€ ; • * 



from the Executive Secretary and the Sta 
of the 
General Commission on Chaplains and 
Armed Forces Personnel 

11 liiifiiiflll I